New fluorinated, arylsulfone-based matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) inhibitors containing carboxylate as the zinc binding group were synthesized as radiotracers for positron emission tomography. Inhibitors were characterized by Ki for MMP-2 in the nanomolar range and by a fair selectivity for MMP- 2/9/12/13 over MMP-1/3/14. Two of these compounds were obtained in the 18F-radiolabeled form, with radiochemical purity and yield suitable for preliminary studies in mice xenografted with a human U-87 MG glioblastoma. Target density in xenografts was assessed by Western blot, yielding Bmax/Kd = 14. The biodistribution of the tracer was dominated by liver uptake and hepatobiliary clearance. Tumor uptake of 18F-labeled MMP inhibitors was about 30% that of [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose. Accumulation of radioactivity within the tumor periphery colocalized with MMP-2 activity (evaluated by in situ zimography). However, specific tumor uptake accounted for only 18% of total uptake. The aspecific uptake was ascribed to the high binding affinity between the radiotracer and serum albumin.

Synthesis and Preliminary Evaluation in Tumor Bearing Mice of New 18F‑Labeled Arylsulfone Matrix Metalloproteinase Inhibitors as Tracers for Positron Emission Tomography

NUTI, ELISA;ORLANDINI, ELISABETTA;ROSSELLO, ARMANDO;
2013

Abstract

New fluorinated, arylsulfone-based matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) inhibitors containing carboxylate as the zinc binding group were synthesized as radiotracers for positron emission tomography. Inhibitors were characterized by Ki for MMP-2 in the nanomolar range and by a fair selectivity for MMP- 2/9/12/13 over MMP-1/3/14. Two of these compounds were obtained in the 18F-radiolabeled form, with radiochemical purity and yield suitable for preliminary studies in mice xenografted with a human U-87 MG glioblastoma. Target density in xenografts was assessed by Western blot, yielding Bmax/Kd = 14. The biodistribution of the tracer was dominated by liver uptake and hepatobiliary clearance. Tumor uptake of 18F-labeled MMP inhibitors was about 30% that of [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose. Accumulation of radioactivity within the tumor periphery colocalized with MMP-2 activity (evaluated by in situ zimography). However, specific tumor uptake accounted for only 18% of total uptake. The aspecific uptake was ascribed to the high binding affinity between the radiotracer and serum albumin.
Casalini, F; Fugazza, L; Esposito, G; Cabella, C; Brioschi, C; Cordaro, A; D’Angeli, L; Bartoli, A; Filannino, Am; Gringeri, Cv; Longo, Dl; Muzio, V; Nuti, Elisa; Orlandini, Elisabetta; Figlia, G; Quattrini, A; Tei, L; Digilio, G; Rossello, Armando; Maiocchi, A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/208657
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