Zolpidem is a new imidazopyridine hypnotic with a pharmacological profile substantially different from benzodiazepines. In this observational multicenter study the possibility of shifting to zolpidem (10 mg at N1, 15 or 20 after N1) insomniac patients previously taking (for at least 15 days and not longer than 3 months) standard posology of triazolam (0.125-0.25 mg), lorazepam (1 mg) or lormetazepam (1 mg) was assessed. For ethical reasons the patients were mandatorily to be insomniacs despite their taking hypnotics or not tolerating them. Patients enrolled were 299 of whom 276 evaluable (139 males and 136 females; mean age 48.67 +/- 14.64, range 18-83). Study duration was 7 nights with visits at N0 (baseline), N1 (after 1st night), N3 (after 3rd night) and N7 (final evaluation); on each visit the Saint Mary Hospital Sleep Questionnaire and the benzodiazepine withdrawal symptom's rating scale were administered; moreover, after N7, investigators were asked a judgement of feasibility of such a shift. In 229 (83.5%) out of 274 patients such a shift to zolpidem was considered successfully (no occurrence of symptoms and/or signs of previously taken hypnotic withdrawal); in the remaining 45 patients, just 17 (6.2%) seemed to be real unsuccessful cases (reactions mild and transient, anyhow). In conclusion abrupt shift to zolpidem appeared to be largely feasible in the patients studied.
|Autori:||Ciapparelli A; Colombo C; Cuccato G; Levi-Minzi A; Lorizio A; Maggioni M; Siciliano G; Silvestri R; Biondi F; Casadei GL|
|Titolo:||[Abrupt shift to zolpidem, a new imidazopyridine hypnotic, in insomniac patients previously treated with benzodiazepine hypnotics].|
|Anno del prodotto:||1993|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|