The characteristics of the flow field around a circular cylinder in cross-flow placed at various distances from a plane, parallel both to the flow and to the cylinder axis, were analyzed using a hot wire anemometer. As regards a smooth cylinder, the main features of the vortex shedding mechanism in the subcritical regime remained unaltered for distances from the plane greater than approximately 0. 4 diameters; in particular the Strouhal frequency did not show any significant variation relative to the typical value for an isolated cylinder. As for lower values of the distance from the plane, the regular vortex shedding disappeared and the hot wire spectra showed typical turbulent features. The possibility of obtaining supercritical conditions by roughening the cylinder surface was confirmed together with the importance of the Reynolds number based on the typical roughness size, R//k, in the evaluation of the flow regime around the cylinder. In the case of roughened cylinders, and with values of R//k below approximately equals 350, the regular vortex shedding disappeared at a distance from the plane smaller than 0. 3 diameters. This fact suggests that, at least in part of the supercritical regime, the influence of the plane can be smaller than in the subcritical regime.

Vortex shedding from smooth and roughened cylinders in cross-flow near a plane surface

BURESTI, GUIDO;LANCIOTTI, AGOSTINO
1979

Abstract

The characteristics of the flow field around a circular cylinder in cross-flow placed at various distances from a plane, parallel both to the flow and to the cylinder axis, were analyzed using a hot wire anemometer. As regards a smooth cylinder, the main features of the vortex shedding mechanism in the subcritical regime remained unaltered for distances from the plane greater than approximately 0. 4 diameters; in particular the Strouhal frequency did not show any significant variation relative to the typical value for an isolated cylinder. As for lower values of the distance from the plane, the regular vortex shedding disappeared and the hot wire spectra showed typical turbulent features. The possibility of obtaining supercritical conditions by roughening the cylinder surface was confirmed together with the importance of the Reynolds number based on the typical roughness size, R//k, in the evaluation of the flow regime around the cylinder. In the case of roughened cylinders, and with values of R//k below approximately equals 350, the regular vortex shedding disappeared at a distance from the plane smaller than 0. 3 diameters. This fact suggests that, at least in part of the supercritical regime, the influence of the plane can be smaller than in the subcritical regime.
Buresti, Guido; Lanciotti, Agostino
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/2317
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