Abstract Objective: Friedreich ataxia (FRDA) is an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disease caused in almost all cases by homozygosity for a GAA trinucleotide repeat expansion in the frataxin gene. Frataxin is a mitochondrial protein involved in iron homeostasis. FRDA patients have a high prevalence of diabetes, the pathogenesis of which is not known. We aimed to evaluate the relative contribution of insulin resistance and β-cell failure and the pathogenic mechanisms involved in FRDA diabetes. Methods: Forty-one FRDA patients, 26 heterozygous carriers of a GAA expansion, and 53 controls underwent oral and intravenous glucose tolerance tests. β-Cell proportion was quantified in postmortem pancreas sections from 9 unrelated FRDA patients. Using an in vitro disease model, we studied how frataxin deficiency affects β-cell function and survival. Results: FRDA patients had increased abdominal fat and were insulin resistant. This was not compensated for by increased insulin secretion, resulting in a markedly reduced disposition index, indicative of pancreatic β-cell failure. Loss of glucose tolerance was driven by β-cell dysfunction, which correlated with abdominal fatness. In postmortem pancreas sections, pancreatic islets of FRDA patients had a lower β-cell content. RNA interference-mediated frataxin knockdown impaired glucose-stimulated insulin secretion and induced apoptosis in rat β cells and human islets. Frataxin deficiency sensitized β cells to oleate-induced and endoplasmic reticulum stress-induced apoptosis, which could be prevented by the incretins glucagon-like peptide-1 and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide. Interpretation: Pancreatic β-cell dysfunction is central to diabetes development in FRDA as a result of mitochondrial dysfunction and higher sensitivity to metabolic and endoplasmic reticulum stress-induced β-cell death.

Central role and mechanisms of β-cell dysfunction and death in friedreich ataxia-associated diabetes.

MARCHETTI, PIERO;
2012

Abstract

Abstract Objective: Friedreich ataxia (FRDA) is an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disease caused in almost all cases by homozygosity for a GAA trinucleotide repeat expansion in the frataxin gene. Frataxin is a mitochondrial protein involved in iron homeostasis. FRDA patients have a high prevalence of diabetes, the pathogenesis of which is not known. We aimed to evaluate the relative contribution of insulin resistance and β-cell failure and the pathogenic mechanisms involved in FRDA diabetes. Methods: Forty-one FRDA patients, 26 heterozygous carriers of a GAA expansion, and 53 controls underwent oral and intravenous glucose tolerance tests. β-Cell proportion was quantified in postmortem pancreas sections from 9 unrelated FRDA patients. Using an in vitro disease model, we studied how frataxin deficiency affects β-cell function and survival. Results: FRDA patients had increased abdominal fat and were insulin resistant. This was not compensated for by increased insulin secretion, resulting in a markedly reduced disposition index, indicative of pancreatic β-cell failure. Loss of glucose tolerance was driven by β-cell dysfunction, which correlated with abdominal fatness. In postmortem pancreas sections, pancreatic islets of FRDA patients had a lower β-cell content. RNA interference-mediated frataxin knockdown impaired glucose-stimulated insulin secretion and induced apoptosis in rat β cells and human islets. Frataxin deficiency sensitized β cells to oleate-induced and endoplasmic reticulum stress-induced apoptosis, which could be prevented by the incretins glucagon-like peptide-1 and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide. Interpretation: Pancreatic β-cell dysfunction is central to diabetes development in FRDA as a result of mitochondrial dysfunction and higher sensitivity to metabolic and endoplasmic reticulum stress-induced β-cell death.
Cnop, M; Igoillo Esteve, M; Rai, M; Begu, A; Serroukh, Y; Depondt, C; Musuaya, Ae; Marhfour, I; Ladrière, L; Moles Lopez, X; Lefkaditis, D; Moore, F; Brion, Jp; Cooper, Jm; Schapira, Ah; Clark, A; Koeppen, Ah; Marchetti, Piero; Pandolfo, M; Eizirik, Dl; Féry, F.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/245919
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 38
  • Scopus 64
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 60
social impact