The question whether the dynamics of hydrated proteins changes with temperature on crossing the glass transition temperature like that found in conventional glassformers is an interesting one. Recently, we have shown that a change of temperature dependence of the mean square displacement (MSD) at T-g is present in proteins solvated with bioprotectants, such as sugars or glycerol with or without the addition of water, coexisting with the dynamic transition at a higher temperature T-d. The dynamical change at T-g is similar to that in conventional glassformers at sufficiently short times and low enough temperatures, where molecules are mutually caged by the intermolecular potential. This is a general and fundamental property of glassformers which is always observed at or near T-g independent of the energy resolution of the spectrometer, and is also the basis of the dynamical change of solvated proteins at T-g. When proteins are solvated with bioprotectants they show higher T-g and T-d than the proteins hydrated by water alone, due to the stabilizing action of excipients, thus the observation of the change of T-dependence of the MSD at T-g is unobstructed by the methyl-group rotation contribution at lower temperatures [S. Capaccioli, K. L. Ngai, S. Ancherbak, and A. Paciaroni, J. Phys. Chem. B 116, 1745 (2012)]. On the other hand, in the case of proteins hydrated by water alone unambiguous evidence of the break at T-g is hard to find, because of their lower T-g and T-d. Notwithstanding, in this paper, we provide evidence for the change at T-g of the T-dependence of proteins hydrated by pure water. This evidence turns out from (i) neutron scattering experimental investigations where the sample has been manipulated by either full or partial deuteration to suppress the methyl-group rotation contribution, and (ii) neutron scattering experimental investigations where the energy resolution is such that only motions with characteristic times shorter than 15 ps can be sensed, thus shifting the onset of both the methyl-group rotation and the dynamic transition contribution to higher temperatures. We propose that, in general, coexistence of the break of the elastic intensity or the MSD at T-g with the dynamic transition at T-d in hydrated and solvated proteins. Recognition of this fact helps to remove inconsistency and conundrum encountered in interpreting data of hydrated proteins that thwart progress in understanding the origin of the dynamic transition. (C) 2013 AIP Publishing LLC.

Change of caged dynamics at T-g in hydrated proteins: Trend of mean squared displacements after correcting for the methyl-group rotation contribution

CAPACCIOLI, SIMONE;
2013

Abstract

The question whether the dynamics of hydrated proteins changes with temperature on crossing the glass transition temperature like that found in conventional glassformers is an interesting one. Recently, we have shown that a change of temperature dependence of the mean square displacement (MSD) at T-g is present in proteins solvated with bioprotectants, such as sugars or glycerol with or without the addition of water, coexisting with the dynamic transition at a higher temperature T-d. The dynamical change at T-g is similar to that in conventional glassformers at sufficiently short times and low enough temperatures, where molecules are mutually caged by the intermolecular potential. This is a general and fundamental property of glassformers which is always observed at or near T-g independent of the energy resolution of the spectrometer, and is also the basis of the dynamical change of solvated proteins at T-g. When proteins are solvated with bioprotectants they show higher T-g and T-d than the proteins hydrated by water alone, due to the stabilizing action of excipients, thus the observation of the change of T-dependence of the MSD at T-g is unobstructed by the methyl-group rotation contribution at lower temperatures [S. Capaccioli, K. L. Ngai, S. Ancherbak, and A. Paciaroni, J. Phys. Chem. B 116, 1745 (2012)]. On the other hand, in the case of proteins hydrated by water alone unambiguous evidence of the break at T-g is hard to find, because of their lower T-g and T-d. Notwithstanding, in this paper, we provide evidence for the change at T-g of the T-dependence of proteins hydrated by pure water. This evidence turns out from (i) neutron scattering experimental investigations where the sample has been manipulated by either full or partial deuteration to suppress the methyl-group rotation contribution, and (ii) neutron scattering experimental investigations where the energy resolution is such that only motions with characteristic times shorter than 15 ps can be sensed, thus shifting the onset of both the methyl-group rotation and the dynamic transition contribution to higher temperatures. We propose that, in general, coexistence of the break of the elastic intensity or the MSD at T-g with the dynamic transition at T-d in hydrated and solvated proteins. Recognition of this fact helps to remove inconsistency and conundrum encountered in interpreting data of hydrated proteins that thwart progress in understanding the origin of the dynamic transition. (C) 2013 AIP Publishing LLC.
Ngai, K. L.; Capaccioli, Simone; Paciaroni, A.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/252738
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 27
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 24
social impact