We present and analyze a technique for fast acquisition and accurate tracking of the carrier frequency in orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) receivers. The scheme is based on a data-aided frequency estimation algorithm. The presence of known symbol sequences periodically inserted in the OFDM frame allows the data demodulator to rapidly lock onto the carrier frequency during the acquisition phase, even in the presence of frequency offsets up to a few tenths of the overall signaling rate. Once acquisition is over, the circuit switches to a decision-directed mode to perform fine frequency tracking for reliable data demodulation. The algorithm performance is analyzed in terms of width of the lock-in frequency range and of lock-in probability in the acquisition mode, and of mean-square frequency estimation error in the tracking mode. Since OFDM is known to be extremely sensitive to carrier frequency errors, the impact of the carrier frequency synchronizer on the receiver error rate is also investigated.
|Autori:||Luise M.; Reggiannini R.|
|Titolo:||Carrier frequency acquisition and tracking for OFDM systems|
|Anno del prodotto:||1996|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1109/26.544476|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|