Abstract: It is still a controversial question whether insulin suppresses its own secretion. We prepared pure human islets from three pancreases by collagenase digestion and density gradient purification, Aliquots of 200 islet equivalents (IE, 150-mu m sized-islets) were sequentially perifused at 37 degrees C with 3.3 mmol/l glucose (3.3G, 40 min), 16.7 mmol/l glucose (16.7G, 30 min) and again 3.3G (30 min) after 24 h, 37 degrees C culture in CMRL 1066 medium with or without the addition of either 200 or 400 mu U/ml human insulin in the incubation medium (6 replicates each). Insulin secretion was assessed by C-peptide (Cp) measurement in the perifusate. Without added insulin (C) and with 200 (Ins200) or 400 (Ins400) mu U/ml added insulin, basal Cp release was 0.12 +/- 0.03, 0.14 +/- 0.02 and 0.14 +/- 0.04 ng/ml, respectively. At 16.7G, the first-phase secretion peak (expressed as Cp value) was significantly lower with Ins200 (0.47 +/- 0.13 ng/ml, P < 0.02) and Ins400 (0.68 +/- 0.15 ng/ml, P < 0.05) than C (0.83 +/- 0.15 ng/ml). The second-phase secretion peak was also significantly (P < 0.05) reduced with added insulin (Ins200: 0.47 +/- 0.08 ng/ml; Ins400: 0.45 +/- 0.07 ng/ml) than in its absence (C: 0.65 +/- 0.09 ng/ml). Accordingly, total Cp secretion was lower with Ins200 (10.6 +/- 2.3 ng/ml, P = 0.03) and Ins400 (11.8 +/- 2.3 ng/ml) than with C (16.0 +/- 2.2 ng/ml). Thus, the addition for 24 h of either 200 or 400 mu U/ml insulin in the culture medium caused a significant decrease of insulin (as assessed by Cp measurement) secretion from perifused human islets, suggesting that feedback suppression of insulin release is at least in part due to a direct action of insulin on the islets.
|Autori:||MARCHETTI P; SCHARP DW; MCLEAR M; FINKE EH; OLACK B; SWANSON C; GIANNARELLI R; NAVALESI R; LACY PE|
|Titolo:||Insulin inhibits its own secretion from isolated, perifused human pancreatic islets|
|Anno del prodotto:||1995|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/BF00569560|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|