The influence of the thickness of the boundary layer developing over the surface of an axisymmetric bluff body upon its base pressure and near-wake flow is analysed experimentally. The model, whose diameter to length ratio is d/l = 0.175, has a forebody with an elliptical contour and a sharp-edged flat base; it is supported above a plate by means of a faired strut. The pressure distributions over the body lateral and base surfaces were obtained using numerous pressure taps, while the boundary layer profiles and the wake velocity field were measured through hot-wire anemometry. The tests were carried out at Re = u∞ l/ν = 5.5 × 10⁵, at which the boundary layer over the lateral surface of the body becomes turbulent before reaching the base contour. Strips of emery cloth were wrapped in various positions around the body circumference in order to modify the thickness and characteristics of the boundary layer. The results show that increasing the boundary layer thickness causes a decrease of the base suctions and a corresponding increase of the length of the mean recirculation region present behind the body. In the spectra of the velocity fluctuations measured within and aside the wake a dominating peak becomes evident in the region downstream of the final part of the recirculation region. The relevant non-dimensional frequency decreases with increasing boundary layer thickness; however, a Strouhal number based on the wake width and the velocity defect at a suitable reference cross-section downstream of the recirculation region is found to remain almost constant for the different cases.

Experimental investigation on the influence of boundary layer thickness on the base pressure and near-wake flow features of an axisymmetric blunt-based body

MARIOTTI, ALESSANDRO;BURESTI, GUIDO
2013

Abstract

The influence of the thickness of the boundary layer developing over the surface of an axisymmetric bluff body upon its base pressure and near-wake flow is analysed experimentally. The model, whose diameter to length ratio is d/l = 0.175, has a forebody with an elliptical contour and a sharp-edged flat base; it is supported above a plate by means of a faired strut. The pressure distributions over the body lateral and base surfaces were obtained using numerous pressure taps, while the boundary layer profiles and the wake velocity field were measured through hot-wire anemometry. The tests were carried out at Re = u∞ l/ν = 5.5 × 10⁵, at which the boundary layer over the lateral surface of the body becomes turbulent before reaching the base contour. Strips of emery cloth were wrapped in various positions around the body circumference in order to modify the thickness and characteristics of the boundary layer. The results show that increasing the boundary layer thickness causes a decrease of the base suctions and a corresponding increase of the length of the mean recirculation region present behind the body. In the spectra of the velocity fluctuations measured within and aside the wake a dominating peak becomes evident in the region downstream of the final part of the recirculation region. The relevant non-dimensional frequency decreases with increasing boundary layer thickness; however, a Strouhal number based on the wake width and the velocity defect at a suitable reference cross-section downstream of the recirculation region is found to remain almost constant for the different cases.
Mariotti, Alessandro; Buresti, Guido
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/295939
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