The seismic response analysis of such liquid storage systems, especially liquid metal reactors, as for example the eXperimental Accelerator Driven System (XADS), was examined taking into account mainly the coupling effects of the fluid-structure interaction and their influence on its relevant internal systems and components. Therefore this paper deals with the structural analyses of the seismically induced hydrodynamic responses, in the event of a safe shutdown earthquake (SSE), and the free oscillation (known as sloshing waves) of a metal liquid coolant as well as the dynamic buckling effects on involved structures. To the mentioned purpose the interaction and coupling effects among the main reactor vessel structures and the primary coolant response were investigated by means of a numerical evaluation (with a qualified finite element code) because of the lack of analytical linear theories that in any case are not adequate to describe all the complex phenomena related to the seismic loading. For the numerical modelling procedure, 3D finite element models were set up to analyse the propagation of seismic waves as well as its derived structural effects, such as the fluid steep waves motion, the local buckling bulges, etc., taking into account the geometrical and material nonlinearities of the RPV and the considered simplified internals. The obtained numerical results in terms of stress intensity and of the capability of the structures to resist relevant seismic loads are, thus, presented and discussed. Moreover the performed analyses allowed to highlight the structures mostly affected by the assumed loading conditions in order to achieve data useful for an upgrading of the design geometry, if any, for the considered reactor.
|Autori:||LO FRANO R; G. FORASASSI|
|Titolo:||Conceptual evaluation of fluid-structure interaction effects coupled to a seismic event in an innovative liquid metal nuclear reactor|
|Anno del prodotto:||2009|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.nucengdes.2009.08.008|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|