Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is an endogenous gasotransmitter, which mediates important physiological effects in the cardiovascular system. Accordingly, an impaired production of endogenous H2S contributes to the pathogenesis of important cardiovascular disorders, such as hypertension. Therefore, exogenous compounds, acting as H2S-releasing agents, are viewed as promising pharmacotherapeutic agents for cardiovascular diseases. Thus, this paper aimed at evaluating the H2S-releasing properties of some aryl isothiocyanate derivatives and their vascular effects. The release of H2S was determined by amperometry, spectrophotometry and gas/mass chromatography. Moreover, the vascular activity of selected isothiocyanates were tested in rat conductance (aorta) and coronary arteries. Since H2S has been recently reported to act as an activator of vascular Kv7 potassium channels, the possible membrane hyperpolarizing effects of isothiocyanates were tested on human vascular smooth muscle (VSM) cells by spectrofluorescent dyes. Among the tested compounds, phenyl isothiocyanate (PhNCS) and 4-carboxyphenyl isothiocyanate (PhNCS-COOH) exhibited slow-H2S-release, triggered by organic thiols such as L-Cysteine. These compounds were endowed of vasorelaxing effects on conductance and coronary arteries. Moreover, these two isothiocyanates caused membrane hyperpolarization of VSM cells. The vascular effects of isothiocyanates were strongly abolished by the selective Kv7-blocker XE991. In conclusion, the isothiocyanate function can be viewed as a suitable slow H2S-releasing moiety, endowed with vasorelaxing and hypotensive effects, typical of this gasotransmitter. Thus, such a chemical moiety can be employed for the development of novel chemical tools for basic studies and promising cardiovascular drugs.

Pharmacological characterization of the vascular effects of aryl isothiocyanates: Is hydrogen sulfide the real player?

MARTELLI, ALMA;TESTAI, LARA;Citi, Valentina;MARINO, ALICE;GHIMENTI, SILVIA;BRESCHI, MARIA CRISTINA;CALDERONE, VINCENZO
2014-01-01

Abstract

Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is an endogenous gasotransmitter, which mediates important physiological effects in the cardiovascular system. Accordingly, an impaired production of endogenous H2S contributes to the pathogenesis of important cardiovascular disorders, such as hypertension. Therefore, exogenous compounds, acting as H2S-releasing agents, are viewed as promising pharmacotherapeutic agents for cardiovascular diseases. Thus, this paper aimed at evaluating the H2S-releasing properties of some aryl isothiocyanate derivatives and their vascular effects. The release of H2S was determined by amperometry, spectrophotometry and gas/mass chromatography. Moreover, the vascular activity of selected isothiocyanates were tested in rat conductance (aorta) and coronary arteries. Since H2S has been recently reported to act as an activator of vascular Kv7 potassium channels, the possible membrane hyperpolarizing effects of isothiocyanates were tested on human vascular smooth muscle (VSM) cells by spectrofluorescent dyes. Among the tested compounds, phenyl isothiocyanate (PhNCS) and 4-carboxyphenyl isothiocyanate (PhNCS-COOH) exhibited slow-H2S-release, triggered by organic thiols such as L-Cysteine. These compounds were endowed of vasorelaxing effects on conductance and coronary arteries. Moreover, these two isothiocyanates caused membrane hyperpolarization of VSM cells. The vascular effects of isothiocyanates were strongly abolished by the selective Kv7-blocker XE991. In conclusion, the isothiocyanate function can be viewed as a suitable slow H2S-releasing moiety, endowed with vasorelaxing and hypotensive effects, typical of this gasotransmitter. Thus, such a chemical moiety can be employed for the development of novel chemical tools for basic studies and promising cardiovascular drugs.
2014
Martelli, Alma; Testai, Lara; Citi, Valentina; Marino, Alice; Francesca G., Bellagambi; Ghimenti, Silvia; Breschi, MARIA CRISTINA; Calderone, Vincenzo...espandi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/361867
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