The intragastric host-mediated assay (h.m.a.) was devised and carried out with a view to assessing the formation of direct mutagens in the gastrointestinal tract of mammals. The h.m.a. consists in the injection of nitrosable compounds. NaNO 2 and cells of the yeast S. pombe, by gavage into the animals' stomachs and in the recovery of the target cells from the faeces for mutation-induction analysis. Methylurea was chosen as a model nitrosable compound, and the effects of nitrosation modulators such as ascorbic acid and thiocyanate were studied. Cimetidine, a drug nitrosable in vitro, was tested with the system. Positive results were obtained only at very large doses and in artificially produced low pH. The new host-mediated assay seems to be efficient in revealing the formation, in vivo, of direct, short-living mutagens.

The intragastric host-mediated assay for the assessment of the formation of direct mutagens in vivo.

BARALE, ROBERTO;
1983

Abstract

The intragastric host-mediated assay (h.m.a.) was devised and carried out with a view to assessing the formation of direct mutagens in the gastrointestinal tract of mammals. The h.m.a. consists in the injection of nitrosable compounds. NaNO 2 and cells of the yeast S. pombe, by gavage into the animals' stomachs and in the recovery of the target cells from the faeces for mutation-induction analysis. Methylurea was chosen as a model nitrosable compound, and the effects of nitrosation modulators such as ascorbic acid and thiocyanate were studied. Cimetidine, a drug nitrosable in vitro, was tested with the system. Positive results were obtained only at very large doses and in artificially produced low pH. The new host-mediated assay seems to be efficient in revealing the formation, in vivo, of direct, short-living mutagens.
Barale, Roberto; Zucconi, D; Romano, M; Loprieno, N.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/3708
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