Fluorinated, arylsulfone-based inhibitors of Matrix Metalloproteinases (MMP) have been used, in the [18F]-radiolabelled version, as radiotracers targeted to MMP-2/9 for Positron Emission Tomography (PET). Although they showed acceptable tumor uptake, specificity was rather low. To get further insights into the reason of low specificity, the binding interaction of these compounds with Human Serum Albumin (HSA) has been investigated. 19F-NMR spectroscopy showed that all compounds considered partition between multiple HSA binding sites, being characterized by either slow-exchange kinetics (with Ka in the order of 105 M-1) and fast-exchange kinetics (with Ka in the order of 104 M-1). For 2-(2-(4'-(2-fluoroethoxy)biphenyl-4-ylsulfonyl)phenyl)acetic acid (1a) and 2-(2-(4'-(2-fluoroacetamido)biphenyl-4-ylsulfonyl)phenyl)acetic acid (1c), these slow and fast-exchanging binding sites could be mapped to Sudlow’s site I and II, respectively. It is shown that high affinity albumin binding constitutes a theoretical limitation for the specificity achievable by MMP-inhibitors as MMP-targeted PET tracers in cancer imaging, because albumin accumulating aspecifically in tumors lowers the binding potential of radiotracers.
|Autori:||Giuseppe Digilio; Tiziano Tuccinardi; Francesca Casalini; Claudio Cassino; David M. Dias; Carlos F.G.C. Geraldes; Valeria Catanzaro; Alessandro Maiocchi; Armando Rossello|
|Titolo:||Study of the binding interaction between fluorinated Matrix Metalloproteinase inhibitors and Human Serum Albumin|
|Anno del prodotto:||2014|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.ejmech.2014.03.064|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|