The paper analyses the effect of electrohydrodynamic (EHD) pumping on the control of natural circulation loops (NCLs). The two major objectives of the investigation are: finding the optimal configuration of an EHD pump and demonstrating that the NCL flow direction can be inverted by exploiting the EHD phenomena. In the initial experimental set-up, we measured the static pressure rise given by an EHD pump made of three consecutive modules of point-ring electrodes for different dielectric fluids and electrode materials. When reversing the polarity of the applied DC voltage, we observed opposite pumping directions, suggesting the presence of two distinct EHD phenomena, inducing motion on opposite directions: ion-drag pumping and conduction pumping. The former was identified as a more efficient process compared to the latter. Based on these preliminary experiments, we built a NCL, operating with the fluid HFE-7100. Two oppositely mounted optimised pumping sections could be alternately activated, to promote clockwise or anticlockwise motion. In the first series of tests, alternately, the pumping sections were triggered prior to the heat input. In any case, the circulation followed the EHD pumping direction. In other tests, the electric field was applied when natural circulation was already present and the flow was reversed by means of opposite EHD pumping, at both polarities. Simply inverting the polarity of the applied voltage, we could alternate ion-drag and conduction pumping; in this way, we easily controlled the direction of motion by means of a single EHD pumping device.

Control of natural circulation loops by electrohydrodynamic pumping

GRASSI, WALTER;TESTI, DANIELE;
2014

Abstract

The paper analyses the effect of electrohydrodynamic (EHD) pumping on the control of natural circulation loops (NCLs). The two major objectives of the investigation are: finding the optimal configuration of an EHD pump and demonstrating that the NCL flow direction can be inverted by exploiting the EHD phenomena. In the initial experimental set-up, we measured the static pressure rise given by an EHD pump made of three consecutive modules of point-ring electrodes for different dielectric fluids and electrode materials. When reversing the polarity of the applied DC voltage, we observed opposite pumping directions, suggesting the presence of two distinct EHD phenomena, inducing motion on opposite directions: ion-drag pumping and conduction pumping. The former was identified as a more efficient process compared to the latter. Based on these preliminary experiments, we built a NCL, operating with the fluid HFE-7100. Two oppositely mounted optimised pumping sections could be alternately activated, to promote clockwise or anticlockwise motion. In the first series of tests, alternately, the pumping sections were triggered prior to the heat input. In any case, the circulation followed the EHD pumping direction. In other tests, the electric field was applied when natural circulation was already present and the flow was reversed by means of opposite EHD pumping, at both polarities. Simply inverting the polarity of the applied voltage, we could alternate ion-drag and conduction pumping; in this way, we easily controlled the direction of motion by means of a single EHD pumping device.
Grassi, Walter; Testi, Daniele; DELLA VISTA, D.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/411467
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