Aims/hypothesis: Research on the pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes relies heavily on good animal models. The aim of this work was to study the translational value of animal models of type 1 diabetes to the human situation. Methods: We compared the four major animal models of spontaneous type 1 diabetes, namely the NOD mouse, BioBreeding (BB) rat, Komeda rat and LEW.1AR1-iddm rat, by examining the immunohistochemistry and in situ RT-PCR of immune cell infiltrate and cytokine pattern in pancreatic islets, and by comparing findings with human data. Results: After type 1 diabetes manifestation CD8+ T cells, CD68+ macrophages and CD4+ T cells were observed as the main immune cell types with declining frequency, in infiltrated islets of all diabetic pancreases. IL-1β and TNF-α were the main proinflammatory cytokines in the immune cell infiltrate in NOD mice, BB rats and LEW.1AR1-iddm rats, as well as in humans. The Komeda rat was the exception, with IFN-γ and TNF-α being the main cytokines. In addition, IL-17 and IL-6 and the anti-inflammatory cytokines IL-4, IL-10 and IL-13 were found in some infiltrating immune cells. Apoptotic as well as proliferating beta cells were observed in infiltrated islets. In healthy pancreases no proinflammatory cytokine expression was observed. Conclusions/interpretation: With the exception of the Komeda rat, the animal models mirror very well the situation in humans with type 1 diabetes. Thus animal models of type 1 diabetes can provide meaningful information on the disease processes in the pancreas of patients with type 1 diabetes. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
|Autori:||Anne, Jörns; Tanja, Arndt; Andreas Meyer, Vilsendorf; Jürgen, Klempnauer; Dirk, Wedekind; Hans Jürgen, Hedrich; Marselli, Lorella; Marchetti, Piero; Nagakatsu, Harada; Yutaka, Nakaya; Gen Sheng, Wang; Fraser W., Scott; Conny, Gysemans; Chantal, Mathieu; Sigurd, Lenzen|
|Titolo:||Islet infiltration, cytokine expression and beta cell death in the NOD mouse, BB rat, Komeda rat, LEW.1AR1-iddm rat and humans with type 1 diabetes|
|Anno del prodotto:||2013|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s00125-013-3125-4|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|