In a microcavity, light-matter coupling is quantified by the vacuum-Rabi frequency Omega_R. When Omega_R is larger than radiative and nonradiative loss rates, the system eigenstates (polaritons) are linear superposition of photonic and electronic excitations, a condition actively investigated in diverse physical implementations. Recently, a quantum electrodynamic regime (ultrastrong coupling) was predicted when Omega_R becomes comparable to the transition frequency. Here we report signatures of this regime in a quantum-well intersubband microcavity. Measuring the cavity-polariton dispersion in a room-temperature linear optical experiment, we directly observe the antiresonant light-matter coupling and the photon-energy renormalization of the vacuum field.

Signatures of the ultrastrong light-matter coupling regime

TREDICUCCI, ALESSANDRO;
2009

Abstract

In a microcavity, light-matter coupling is quantified by the vacuum-Rabi frequency Omega_R. When Omega_R is larger than radiative and nonradiative loss rates, the system eigenstates (polaritons) are linear superposition of photonic and electronic excitations, a condition actively investigated in diverse physical implementations. Recently, a quantum electrodynamic regime (ultrastrong coupling) was predicted when Omega_R becomes comparable to the transition frequency. Here we report signatures of this regime in a quantum-well intersubband microcavity. Measuring the cavity-polariton dispersion in a room-temperature linear optical experiment, we directly observe the antiresonant light-matter coupling and the photon-energy renormalization of the vacuum field.
Anappara, A. A.; De Liberato, S.; Tredicucci, Alessandro; Ciuti, C.; Biasiol, G.; Sorba, L.; Beltram, F.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/495210
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