Ion therapy allows the delivery of highly conformal dose taking advantage of the sharp depth-dose distribution at the Bragg-peak. However, patient positioning errors and anatomical uncertainties can cause dose distortions. To exploit the full potential of ion therapy, an accurate monitoring system of the ion range is needed. Among the proposed methods to monitor the ion range, Positron Emission Tomography (PET) has proven to be the most mature technique, allowing to reconstruct the β+ activity generated in the patient by the nuclear interaction of the ions, that can be acquired during or after the treatment. Taking advantages of the spatial correlation between positron emitters created along the ions path and the dose distribution, it is possible to reconstruct the ion range. Due to the high single rates generated during the beam extraction, the acquisition of the β+ activity is typically performed after the irradiation (cyclotron) or in between the synchrotron spills. Indeed the single photon rate can be one or more orders of magnitude higher than normal for cyclotron. Therefore, acquiring the activity during the beam irradiation requires a detector with a very short dead time. In this work, the DoPET detector, capable of sustaining the high event rate generated during the cyclotron irradiation, is presented. The capability of the system to acquire data during and after the irradiation will be demonstrated by showing the reconstructed activity for different PMMA irradiations performed using clinical dose rates and the 62 MeV proton beam at the CATANA-LNS-INFN. The reconstructed activity widths will be compared with the results obtained by simulating the proton beam interaction with the FLUKA Monte Carlo. The presented data are in good agreement with the FLUKA Monte Carlo.
|Autori:||Camarlinghi, Niccolo'; Sportelli, Giancarlo; G., Battistoni; Belcari, Nicola; M., Cecchetti; G. A. P., Cirrone; G., Cuttone; S., Ferretti; A., Kraan; A., Retico; F., Romano; P., Sala; K., Straub; A., Tramontana; Del Guerra, Alberto; Rosso, Valeria|
|Titolo:||An In-beam PET System For Monitoring Ion-beam Therapy: Test On Phantoms Using Clinical 62 MeV Protons|
|Anno del prodotto:||2014|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1088/1748-0221/9/04/C04005|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|