The dependence of the partial molar volumes of a number of α-amino acids, ω-amino acids, dipeptides and diketopiperazines on temperature has been determined at various concentrations and for the temperature range 0-55°C using an automatic dilatometer; the limiting partial molar expansibilities, Φ°E, have been calculated. Measurements of the sound velocity at 15 MHz and at various concentrations allowed us to determine the compressibility of the solutions at 25°C and to calculate the limiting partial compressibilities, Φ°K,S, for some of the above mentioned compounds. Finally, by using the known values Φ°E and Φ°K,S together with the partial molar heat capacity of the solute and some physical properties of pure water, the limiting isothermal partial molar compressibilities, Φ°K,T, have been obtained. The values of Φ°E and Φ°K,S and the trends they show when the structure of the amphionic molecule is changed have been analysed by taking into account the features exhibited by Φ°E and Φ°K,S of related charged and non-charged compounds. The dependence on temperature and pressure of the internal and external proton-exchange reaction between a carboxyl and an amino group have been evaluated and compared.

Volumetric properties of amphionic molecules in water. Part 2. Thermal expansibility and compressibility related to the formation of zwitterionic structures

CABANI, SERGIO;CONTI, GIOVANNI;TINE', MARIA ROSARIA
1981

Abstract

The dependence of the partial molar volumes of a number of α-amino acids, ω-amino acids, dipeptides and diketopiperazines on temperature has been determined at various concentrations and for the temperature range 0-55°C using an automatic dilatometer; the limiting partial molar expansibilities, Φ°E, have been calculated. Measurements of the sound velocity at 15 MHz and at various concentrations allowed us to determine the compressibility of the solutions at 25°C and to calculate the limiting partial compressibilities, Φ°K,S, for some of the above mentioned compounds. Finally, by using the known values Φ°E and Φ°K,S together with the partial molar heat capacity of the solute and some physical properties of pure water, the limiting isothermal partial molar compressibilities, Φ°K,T, have been obtained. The values of Φ°E and Φ°K,S and the trends they show when the structure of the amphionic molecule is changed have been analysed by taking into account the features exhibited by Φ°E and Φ°K,S of related charged and non-charged compounds. The dependence on temperature and pressure of the internal and external proton-exchange reaction between a carboxyl and an amino group have been evaluated and compared.
Cabani, Sergio; Conti, Giovanni; Matteoli, E.; Tine', MARIA ROSARIA
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/5532
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