High temperature steam electrolyzers, taking advantage of high temperature heat, can produce more hydrogen by using less electrical energy than low temperature electrolyzers. This paper presents an experimental study on hydrogen production by using a 200 W solid oxide stack working in reverse mode. A thermodynamic study of the process was performed by measuring the heat and mass balance of stack at different operating conditions. Different definitions of efficiency were used to highlight the limit and potential of the process. The I–V curve, the flow rate measurements and the GC analysis on outlet flows were used to calculate the hydrogen and oxygen productions. In addition, the influence of steam dilution, water utilization and operating temperature on conversion efficiency and stack's thermal balance was evaluated. With this aim, the tests were performed at three operating temperature (700 °C, 750 °C and 800 °C) over a range of steam inlet concentration from 50% to 90% and water utilization up to 70%. The hydrogen and oxygen flows produced by electrolysis, at different loads, were directly measured after water condensation: net flows up to 2.4 ml/(min cm2) of hydrogen and 1.2 ml/(min cm2) of oxygen were measured and compared to the theoretical ones, showing a good agreement.
|Autori:||Daniele Penchini; Giovanni Cinti; Gabriele Discepoli; Umberto Desideri|
|Titolo:||Theoretical study and performance evaluation of hydrogen production by 200 W solid oxide electrolyzer stack|
|Anno del prodotto:||2014|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.ijhydene.2014.04.052|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|