Landfill-gas (LFG) is produced as result of the biological reaction of municipal solid waste (MSW). This gas contains about 50% of methane, therefore it cannot be released into the atmosphere as it is because of its greenhouse effect consequences. The high percentage of methane encouraged researchers to find solutions to recover the related energy content for electric energy production. The most common technologies used at the present time are internal combustion reciprocating engines and gas turbines. High conversion efficiency guaranteed by fuel cells (FCs) enable to enhance the energy recovery process and to reduce emissions to air, such asNOx and CO. In any case, in order to investigate the environmental advantages associated with the electric energy generation using fuel cells, it is imperative to consider the whole “life cycle” of the system, “from cradle-to-grave”. In fact, fuel cells are considered to be zero-emission devices, but, for example, emissions associated with their manufacture or for hydrogen production must be considered in order to evaluate all impacts on the environment. In the present work a molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC) system for LFG recovery is considered and a life cycle assessment (LCA) is conducted for an evaluation of environmental consequences and to provide a guide for further environmental impact reduction.
|Autori interni:||DESIDERI, UMBERTO|
|Autori:||LUNGHI P.; BOVE R.; DESIDERI U.|
|Titolo:||Life-Cycle-Assessment of Fuel Cells Based Landfill-Gas Energy Conversion Technologies|
|Anno del prodotto:||2004|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.jpowsour.2004.01.006|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|