A key barrier to widespread use of warm-season grasses in the transition zone between the temperate and subtropical climates is represented by the winter dormancy, a temporary suspension of visible growth of any plant structure including the meristem. In this environment, species with different photosynthetic carbon cycle coexist, leading to asynchrony in growth among warm- and cool-season grasses. The objectives of the present study were (i) to assess the carbohydrate content in four representative zoysiagrasses Zoysia japonica 'El Toro', 'Meyer', Z. pacifica, and Z. matrella 'Zeon' during three successive phases of vegetation phenology, senescence, dormancy, and green-up, and (ii) to characterize the metabolic responses to phenological variations under natural acclimation. Japanese lawn grass genotypes 'El Toro' and 'Meyer' showed longer dormancy periods than fine-leaved 1 pacifica and 'Zeon'. In Japanese lawn grass genotypes, the progressive decline of photosynthetic pigments was similar to that observed in the color retention. Over the experimental period, a significantly greater amount of starch reserves was observed in sprigs (horizontal stems) in the Japanese lawn grasses than in the fine-leaved zoysiagrasses. In general, total soluble sugars (TSS) in leaves and sprigs did not show evidence of sugar starvation during the senescence phase. TSS increased significantly during cold acclimation, resulting in a higher metabolic activity at the onset of green-up to support spring regreening in all zoysiagrasses except 'Meyer' leaves.
|Autori:||Pompeiano, Antonio; Caturegli, Lisa; Grossi, Nicola; Volterrani, Marco; Guglielminetti, Lorenzo|
|Titolo:||Carbohydrate metabolism during wintering period in four zoysiagrass genotypes|
|Anno del prodotto:||2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1626/pps.18.43|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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