The excitation to high-lying Rydberg states is investigated in a sample of 87-Rb atoms undergoing the Bose-Einstein condensation phase transition, in the limit that the spatial dimensions of the condensed cloud are smaller than the (Wan-der-Waals) dipole blockade radius. We measure the number of excitations by single ion counting as a function of the dimensions of the condensed and thermal fraction. We observed a distinct decrease in the number of excitations due to the change of the atomic spatial density distribution, from the thermal cloud, through a bimodal distribution, to the condensed cloud. When only the condensed part is present, the average number of excitations measured levels off at around one which is compatible with having a single collective excitation in the condensed cloud.

Rydberg excitation of a Bose-Einstein condensate

MARTINEZ VALADO, MARIA;ARIMONDO, ENNIO;MORSCH, OLIVER;CIAMPINI, DONATELLA
2015

Abstract

The excitation to high-lying Rydberg states is investigated in a sample of 87-Rb atoms undergoing the Bose-Einstein condensation phase transition, in the limit that the spatial dimensions of the condensed cloud are smaller than the (Wan-der-Waals) dipole blockade radius. We measure the number of excitations by single ion counting as a function of the dimensions of the condensed and thermal fraction. We observed a distinct decrease in the number of excitations due to the change of the atomic spatial density distribution, from the thermal cloud, through a bimodal distribution, to the condensed cloud. When only the condensed part is present, the average number of excitations measured levels off at around one which is compatible with having a single collective excitation in the condensed cloud.
N., Malossi; MARTINEZ VALADO, Maria; Arimondo, Ennio; Morsch, Oliver; Ciampini, Donatella
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/737471
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