In the field of orthodontic planning, the creation of a complete digital dental model to simulate and predict treatments is of utmost importance. Nowadays, orthodontists use panoramic radiographs (PAN) and dental crown representations obtained by optical scanning. However, these data do not contain any 3D information regarding tooth root geometries. A reliable orthodontic treatment should instead take into account entire geometrical models of dental shapes in order to better predict tooth movements. This paper presents a methodology to create complete 3D patient dental anatomies by combining digital mouth models and panoramic radiographs. The modeling process is based on using crown surfaces, reconstructed by optical scanning, and root geometries, obtained by adapting anatomical CAD templates over patient specific information extracted from radiographic data. The radiographic process is virtually replicated on crown digital geometries through the Discrete Radon Transform (DRT). The resulting virtual PAN image is used to integrate the actual radiographic data and the digital mouth model. This procedure provides the root references on the 3D digital crown models, which guide a shape adjustment of the dental CAD templates. The entire geometrical models are finally created by merging dental crowns, captured by optical scanning, and root geometries, obtained from the CAD templates.
PAOLI, ALESSANDRO (Corresponding)
|Autori:||Barone, Sandro; Paoli, Alessandro; Razionale, ARMANDO VIVIANO|
|Titolo:||Geometrical modeling of complete dental shapes by using panoramic X-ray, digital mouth data and anatomical templates|
|Anno del prodotto:||2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.compmedimag.2015.01.005|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|