Purpose: The paper refers to an innovative urban freight distribution scheme, aimed at reducing the externalities connected with the freight delivery process. Both packages destined to commercial activities and to end consumers (e-commerce) are taken into account. Each package is characterized by an address and dimensions. In the proposed transport system, freight is firstly delivered to the UDC on the border of urban areas through trucks or trains which perform the long distance transport. After, freight is reorganized and consolidated into load units, i.e. the FURBOT boxes, according to packages dimensions and to the addresses of receivers. Each box is addressed to a temporary unloading bay and it is delivered there by a FURBOT vehicle. The receivers are in charge of collecting their packages in the related unloading bays where they have been delivered. Methods and results: The paper concerns a methodology for optimizing this freight transport system’s performances. The overall methodology receives in input the actual freight demand and the road network, and finds the transport system parameters (number of required FURBOT boxes, their temporary unloading bay, the FURBOT fleet dimension and the FURBOT vehicle routing) that minimize the system overall cost. The overall cost is a sum of the users’ cost, which depends on the distance they have to walk for collecting their packages in the FURBOT box, and of the operator’s cost, which depends on the number of required boxes, the total distance travelled by the FURBOT vehicles and the required number of FURBOT vehicles. Application: The overall procedure has been applied to the case study of Barreiro old town, a suburb of Lisbon, Portugal. © 2015, The Author(s).
|Autori:||Cepolina, ELVEZIA MARIA; Farina, Alessandro|
|Titolo:||A new urban freight distribution scheme and an optimization methodology for reducing its overall cost|
|Anno del prodotto:||2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s12544-014-0149-x|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|