Transthyretin (TTR), a 54 kDa homotetrameric protein that transports thyroxine (T4), has been associated with clinical cases of TTR amyloidosis for its tendency to aggregate to form fibrils. Many ligands with a potential to inhibit fibril formation have been studied by X-ray crystallography in complex with TTR. Unfortunately, the ligand is often found in ambiguous electron density that is difficult to interpret. The ligand validation statistics suggest over-interpretation, even for the most active compounds like diflunisal. The primary technical reason is its position on a crystallographic 2-fold axis in the most common crystal form. Further investigations with the use of polyethylene glycol (PEG) to crystallize TTR complexes have resulted in a new trigonal polymorph with two tetramers in the asymmetric unit. The ligand used to obtain this new polymorph, 4-hydroxychalcone, is related to curcumin. Here we evaluate this crystal form to understand the contribution it may bring to the study of TTR ligands complexes, which are often asymmetric.

A new crystal form of human transthyretin obtained with a curcumin derived ligand

NENCETTI, SUSANNA;CICCONE, LIDIA;ORLANDINI, ELISABETTA;
2016

Abstract

Transthyretin (TTR), a 54 kDa homotetrameric protein that transports thyroxine (T4), has been associated with clinical cases of TTR amyloidosis for its tendency to aggregate to form fibrils. Many ligands with a potential to inhibit fibril formation have been studied by X-ray crystallography in complex with TTR. Unfortunately, the ligand is often found in ambiguous electron density that is difficult to interpret. The ligand validation statistics suggest over-interpretation, even for the most active compounds like diflunisal. The primary technical reason is its position on a crystallographic 2-fold axis in the most common crystal form. Further investigations with the use of polyethylene glycol (PEG) to crystallize TTR complexes have resulted in a new trigonal polymorph with two tetramers in the asymmetric unit. The ligand used to obtain this new polymorph, 4-hydroxychalcone, is related to curcumin. Here we evaluate this crystal form to understand the contribution it may bring to the study of TTR ligands complexes, which are often asymmetric.
Polsinelli, Ivan; Nencetti, Susanna; Shepard, William; Ciccone, Lidia; Orlandini, Elisabetta; Stura, Enrico A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/769451
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