A daily administration of hydrocortisone-acetate (25 micrograms/g b.w.) increased both dry mass and protein content of the hepatocytes of newborn rats by 84% and 89% respectively, after 5-day-treatment. The increase correlated with the duration of hormonal treatment. As an average per cell, the total reactive protein sulfur increased up to 127%. This increase depends on a major increment of thiols (+179%) and on a minor increment of disulfides (+18%). Within the thiols, the fast reactive ones exhibited the most pronounced increment (+214%). Per protein unit, the total reactive sulfur increased, after a 1 day lag period, by up to +20%. Thiols showed a 47%-increment due to increase of fast reactive thiols (+70%) more than of slow reactive thiols (+20%). On the contrary, disulfides decreased (-37%). Consequently, the protein thiol/disulfide ratio shifted from 2.14 in control hepatocytes to 4.98 (+133%) in hormone-stimulated hepatocytes. Both the increase of the thiol content, and the shift of the SH/SS-equilibrium of the cellular proteins, correlated with a concomitant increase of enzymic activities such as gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase, glutathione reductase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione S-transferase and 7-ethoxycoumarin O-deethylase.

Changes in protein sulfur groups in hepatocytes of newborn rats under glucocorticoid stimulation.

TONGIANI, ROBERTO;PAOLICCHI, ALDO;
1987

Abstract

A daily administration of hydrocortisone-acetate (25 micrograms/g b.w.) increased both dry mass and protein content of the hepatocytes of newborn rats by 84% and 89% respectively, after 5-day-treatment. The increase correlated with the duration of hormonal treatment. As an average per cell, the total reactive protein sulfur increased up to 127%. This increase depends on a major increment of thiols (+179%) and on a minor increment of disulfides (+18%). Within the thiols, the fast reactive ones exhibited the most pronounced increment (+214%). Per protein unit, the total reactive sulfur increased, after a 1 day lag period, by up to +20%. Thiols showed a 47%-increment due to increase of fast reactive thiols (+70%) more than of slow reactive thiols (+20%). On the contrary, disulfides decreased (-37%). Consequently, the protein thiol/disulfide ratio shifted from 2.14 in control hepatocytes to 4.98 (+133%) in hormone-stimulated hepatocytes. Both the increase of the thiol content, and the shift of the SH/SS-equilibrium of the cellular proteins, correlated with a concomitant increase of enzymic activities such as gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase, glutathione reductase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione S-transferase and 7-ethoxycoumarin O-deethylase.
Tongiani, Roberto; Paolicchi, Aldo; Nöhammer, G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/7812
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