Background: In this work, we evaluated the aromatic composition of berries at harvest and during the whole berry development of Aleatico, Brachetto, Malvasia di Candia aromatica and Moscato bianco grapevine varieties, which were cultivated in the same vineyard and under the same agricultural conditions. Results: Malvasia had a total concentration of aroma which was significantly higher than the other grapes that showed comparable amounts with each other. The class of monoterpenes was quantitatively predominant for all four grapes, in the free and in the most plentiful bound form. In Malvasia and Aleatico there was a high prevalence of geraniol derivatives throughout the entire berry development while in Brachetto and in Moscato there was a prevalence of linalool derivatives during the green phase and geraniol derivatives during ripening. Conclusion: The study of the monoterpene profile allowed us to highlight similarities and differences among the four aromatic varieties and to present a hypothesis about their biosynthetic dynamics. This information is useful for further studies on gene functional characterisation and the regulation of these important berry pathways.

Study of the terpene profile at harvest and during berry development of Vitis vinifera L. aromatic varieties Aleatico, Brachetto, Malvasia di Candia aromatica and Moscato bianco

D'ONOFRIO, CLAUDIO
;
MATARESE, FABIOLA;CUZZOLA, ANGELA ROSA
2017-01-01

Abstract

Background: In this work, we evaluated the aromatic composition of berries at harvest and during the whole berry development of Aleatico, Brachetto, Malvasia di Candia aromatica and Moscato bianco grapevine varieties, which were cultivated in the same vineyard and under the same agricultural conditions. Results: Malvasia had a total concentration of aroma which was significantly higher than the other grapes that showed comparable amounts with each other. The class of monoterpenes was quantitatively predominant for all four grapes, in the free and in the most plentiful bound form. In Malvasia and Aleatico there was a high prevalence of geraniol derivatives throughout the entire berry development while in Brachetto and in Moscato there was a prevalence of linalool derivatives during the green phase and geraniol derivatives during ripening. Conclusion: The study of the monoterpene profile allowed us to highlight similarities and differences among the four aromatic varieties and to present a hypothesis about their biosynthetic dynamics. This information is useful for further studies on gene functional characterisation and the regulation of these important berry pathways.
2017
D'Onofrio, Claudio; Matarese, Fabiola; Cuzzola, ANGELA ROSA
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/826818
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