Huntington's disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disorder caused by an excessive expansion of a CAG trinucleotide repeat in the gene encoding the protein huntingtin, resulting in an elongated stretch of glutamines near the N-terminus of the protein. Here we report the derivation of a collection of 11 induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cell lines generated through somatic reprogramming of fibroblasts obtained from the R6/2 transgenic HD mouse line. We show that CAG expansion has no effect on reprogramming efficiency, cell proliferation rate, brain-derived neurotrophic factor level, or neurogenic potential. However, genes involved in the cholesterol biosynthesis pathway, which is altered in HD, are also affected in HD-iPS cell lines. Furthermore, we found a lysosomal gene upregulation and an increase in lysosome number in HD-iPS cell lines. These observations suggest that iPS cells from HD mice replicate some but not all of the molecular phenotypes typically observed in the disease; additionally, they do not manifest increased cell death propensity either under self-renewal or differentiated conditions. More studies will be necessary to transform a revolutionary technology into a powerful platform for drug screening approaches.

Induced pluripotent stem cell lines from Huntington's disease mice undergo neuronal differentiation while showing alterations in the lysosomal pathway

ONORATI, MARCO;
2012-01-01

Abstract

Huntington's disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disorder caused by an excessive expansion of a CAG trinucleotide repeat in the gene encoding the protein huntingtin, resulting in an elongated stretch of glutamines near the N-terminus of the protein. Here we report the derivation of a collection of 11 induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cell lines generated through somatic reprogramming of fibroblasts obtained from the R6/2 transgenic HD mouse line. We show that CAG expansion has no effect on reprogramming efficiency, cell proliferation rate, brain-derived neurotrophic factor level, or neurogenic potential. However, genes involved in the cholesterol biosynthesis pathway, which is altered in HD, are also affected in HD-iPS cell lines. Furthermore, we found a lysosomal gene upregulation and an increase in lysosome number in HD-iPS cell lines. These observations suggest that iPS cells from HD mice replicate some but not all of the molecular phenotypes typically observed in the disease; additionally, they do not manifest increased cell death propensity either under self-renewal or differentiated conditions. More studies will be necessary to transform a revolutionary technology into a powerful platform for drug screening approaches.
2012
V., Castiglioni; Onorati, Marco; C., Rochon; E., Cattaneo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/849133
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