3, 5-diiodo-L-thyronine (T2), a naturally existing iodothyronine, has biological effects on humans, but no information is available on its action on pancreatic β-cells. We evaluated its effect vs triiodothyronine (T3), on glucose-induced insulin secretion in INS-1e cells, a rat insulinoma line, and on human islets. INS-1e were incubated in the presence/absence of T2 or T3 (0.1 nmol/L-10 μmol/L), and glucose (3.3, 7.5, 11.0, and 20 mmol/L). Insulin release and content (at 11.0 and 20 mmol/L glucose) were significantly (p< 0.01) stimulated by 1-100 nmol/LT2 and 0.1 nmol/L-1.0 μmol/LT3, and inhibited with higher concentrations of both (1-10 μmol/L T2 and 10 μmol/L T3). Human islets were incubated with 3.3 mmol/L glucose in presence/absence of T3 or T2 (0.1 nmol/L, 0.1 μmol/L, and 1 μmol/L). T2 (0.1 nmol/L-0.1 μmol/L) significantly (p< 0.01) stimulated insulin secretion, while higher concentrations (1 μmol/L) inhibited it. A modest increase in insulin secretion was evidenced with 1 μmol/L T3. In conclusion, T2 and T3 have a direct regulatory role in insulin secretion, depending on their concentrations and the glucose level itself. At concentrations near the physiological range, T2 enhances glucose-induced insulin secretion in both rat β-cells and human islets.

Both 3,5-diiodo-L-thyronine (T2) and T3 modulate glucose-induced insulin secretion

FALLAHI, POUPAK;FERRARI, SILVIA MARTINA;CAMASTRA, STEFANIA;FRENZILLI, GIADA;PUCCINI, MARCO;MARCHETTI, PIERO;ANTONELLI, ALESSANDRO
2017

Abstract

3, 5-diiodo-L-thyronine (T2), a naturally existing iodothyronine, has biological effects on humans, but no information is available on its action on pancreatic β-cells. We evaluated its effect vs triiodothyronine (T3), on glucose-induced insulin secretion in INS-1e cells, a rat insulinoma line, and on human islets. INS-1e were incubated in the presence/absence of T2 or T3 (0.1 nmol/L-10 μmol/L), and glucose (3.3, 7.5, 11.0, and 20 mmol/L). Insulin release and content (at 11.0 and 20 mmol/L glucose) were significantly (p< 0.01) stimulated by 1-100 nmol/LT2 and 0.1 nmol/L-1.0 μmol/LT3, and inhibited with higher concentrations of both (1-10 μmol/L T2 and 10 μmol/L T3). Human islets were incubated with 3.3 mmol/L glucose in presence/absence of T3 or T2 (0.1 nmol/L, 0.1 μmol/L, and 1 μmol/L). T2 (0.1 nmol/L-0.1 μmol/L) significantly (p< 0.01) stimulated insulin secretion, while higher concentrations (1 μmol/L) inhibited it. A modest increase in insulin secretion was evidenced with 1 μmol/L T3. In conclusion, T2 and T3 have a direct regulatory role in insulin secretion, depending on their concentrations and the glucose level itself. At concentrations near the physiological range, T2 enhances glucose-induced insulin secretion in both rat β-cells and human islets.
Fallahi, Poupak; Ferrari, SILVIA MARTINA; Santini, E.; Camastra, Stefania; Frenzilli, Giada; Puccini, Marco; Goglia, F.; Lanni, A.; Marchetti, Piero; Antonelli, Alessandro
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/852864
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