Plant-derived isoflavones are currently receiving much attention because of their phyto-estrogenic, antioxidant, anti- mutagenic, and anti-tumor activities. In this study we have evaluated the clastogenic and anti-clastogenic activities in human lymphocytes of two structurally related pterocarpans, iso-flavonoid derivatives, termed erybraedin C and bitucarpin A, recently purified from Bituminaria bituminosa and chemically characterized. Mitomycin C (MMC) and the radio-mimetic bleomycin (BL) were used as reference clastogens. The end point studied was micronucleus formation. The results obtained in this study indicate that erybraedin C and bitucarpin A, when assayed alone, do not affect either the mitotic index or the cell-proliferation index of human lymphocytes. Interestingly, both compounds appear to be non-clastogenic in the range of concentrations used. In contrast, both substances seem to affect significantly the clastogenic effects induced by BL and MMC. A 1-h pre-exposition of the cell culture to erybraedin C was necessary to display its anti-clastogenic potential against BL, whereas bitucarpin A was inactive in this respect, with a structure-activity relationship. In contrast, the clastogenic activity of MMC was significantly reduced by both erybraedin C and bitucarpin A, using either a pre-incubation schedule or simultaneous treatment. These results suggest that the protective effects displayed by the two anti-clastogenic compounds against MMC could be due to the induction or inhibition of cellular reductive metabolic enzymes.
|Autori:||MAURICH T.; PISTELLI L.; TURCHI G.|
|Titolo:||Anti-clastogenic activity of two structurally related pterocarpans purified from Bituminaria bituminosa in cultured human lymphocytes|
|Anno del prodotto:||2004|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.mrgentox.2004.03.006|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|