Purpose: Total hip arthroplasty could fail due to many factors and one of the most common is the aseptic loosening. In order to achieve an effective osseointegration and reduce risk of lossening, the use of cemented implant, contact porous bearing surface and organic coating were developed. Aim of this study was to evaluate clinical and radiological mid-term outcomes of a porous titanium alloy/hydroxyapatite double coating manufactured cementless femoral stem applied with "plasma spray" technique and to demonstrate the possibility to use this stem in different types of femoral canals. Methods: Between January 2008 and December 2012, 240 consecutive primary total hip arthroplasties (THAs) were performed using a porous titanium alloy/hydroxyapatite double coating manufactured cementless femoral stem. 182 patients were examined: 136 were females (74.7%) and 46 males (25.2%); average age was 72 years old (ranging from 26 to 92 years old). For each patient, Harris Hip Scores (HHS) and Womac Scores were collected. All X-ray images were analyzed in order to demonstrate stem survival rate and subsidence. Results: Harris Hip Score was good or excellent in 85% of the cases (average 90%) and mean WOMAC score was 97.5 (ranging from 73.4 to 100). No cases of early/late infection or periprosthetic fracture were noticed, with an excellent implant survival rate (100%) in a mean period of 40 months (ranging from 24 and 84 months). 5 cases presented acute implant dislocation, 2 due to wrong cup positioning in a dysplastic acetabulum and 3 after ground level fall. Dorr classification of femoral geometry was uses and the results were: 51 type A bone, 53 type B bone and 78 type C bone. Stem subsidence over 2 mm was considered as a risk factor of future implant loosening and was evidenced in 3 female patients with type C of Dorr classification. No radiolucencies signs around the proximally coated portion of stem or proximal reabsorption were visible during the radiographic follow-up. Conclusions: Concerning the use of porous titanium alloy/hydroxyapatite double coating, this study reported an excellent implant survival rate in a mid-term period with a rate of 1,64% of subsidence in patients with type C of femoral canal but with an optimal HHS and Womac Score results. Regarding this stem, primary stability is guaranteed by trapezoid shape of proximal region and tapering in frontal plane through press-fit technique. Radiological absence of pedestal has been accepted as sign of no excessive stress transmission to distal cortex due to its tapered diaphyseal region. Thanks to the reported data, Authors can consider this double coating a valid choice with an excellent mediumterm survival and encouraging subsidence results. Further studies are needed to ensure these results can be replicated.

Hydroxyapatite in total hip arthroplasty. Our experience with a plasma spray porous titanium alloy/hydroxyapatite double-coated cementless stem

CASTELLINI, IACOPO;ANDREANI, LORENZO;PARCHI, PAOLO DOMENICO;BONICOLI, ENRICO;PIOLANTI, NICOLA;LISANTI, MICHELE
2016

Abstract

Purpose: Total hip arthroplasty could fail due to many factors and one of the most common is the aseptic loosening. In order to achieve an effective osseointegration and reduce risk of lossening, the use of cemented implant, contact porous bearing surface and organic coating were developed. Aim of this study was to evaluate clinical and radiological mid-term outcomes of a porous titanium alloy/hydroxyapatite double coating manufactured cementless femoral stem applied with "plasma spray" technique and to demonstrate the possibility to use this stem in different types of femoral canals. Methods: Between January 2008 and December 2012, 240 consecutive primary total hip arthroplasties (THAs) were performed using a porous titanium alloy/hydroxyapatite double coating manufactured cementless femoral stem. 182 patients were examined: 136 were females (74.7%) and 46 males (25.2%); average age was 72 years old (ranging from 26 to 92 years old). For each patient, Harris Hip Scores (HHS) and Womac Scores were collected. All X-ray images were analyzed in order to demonstrate stem survival rate and subsidence. Results: Harris Hip Score was good or excellent in 85% of the cases (average 90%) and mean WOMAC score was 97.5 (ranging from 73.4 to 100). No cases of early/late infection or periprosthetic fracture were noticed, with an excellent implant survival rate (100%) in a mean period of 40 months (ranging from 24 and 84 months). 5 cases presented acute implant dislocation, 2 due to wrong cup positioning in a dysplastic acetabulum and 3 after ground level fall. Dorr classification of femoral geometry was uses and the results were: 51 type A bone, 53 type B bone and 78 type C bone. Stem subsidence over 2 mm was considered as a risk factor of future implant loosening and was evidenced in 3 female patients with type C of Dorr classification. No radiolucencies signs around the proximally coated portion of stem or proximal reabsorption were visible during the radiographic follow-up. Conclusions: Concerning the use of porous titanium alloy/hydroxyapatite double coating, this study reported an excellent implant survival rate in a mid-term period with a rate of 1,64% of subsidence in patients with type C of femoral canal but with an optimal HHS and Womac Score results. Regarding this stem, primary stability is guaranteed by trapezoid shape of proximal region and tapering in frontal plane through press-fit technique. Radiological absence of pedestal has been accepted as sign of no excessive stress transmission to distal cortex due to its tapered diaphyseal region. Thanks to the reported data, Authors can consider this double coating a valid choice with an excellent mediumterm survival and encouraging subsidence results. Further studies are needed to ensure these results can be replicated.
Castellini, Iacopo; Andreani, Lorenzo; Parchi, PAOLO DOMENICO; Bonicoli, Enrico; Piolanti, Nicola; Risoli, Francesca; Lisanti, Michele
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/871317
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