To better understand the molecular and cellular differences in brain organization between human and nonhuman primates, we performed transcriptome sequencing of 16 regions of adult human, chimpanzee, and macaque brains. Integration with human single-cell transcriptomic data revealed global, regional, and cell-type–specific species expression differences in genes representing distinct functional categories. We validated and further characterized the human specificity of genes enriched in distinct cell types through histological and functional analyses, including rare subpallial-derived interneurons expressing dopamine biosynthesis genes enriched in the human striatum and absent in the nonhuman African ape neocortex. Our integrated analysis of the generated data revealed diverse molecular and cellular features of the phylogenetic reorganization of the human brain across multiple levels, with relevance for brain function and disease.

Molecular and cellular reorganization of neural circuits in the human lineage

Onorati, Marco
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
2017-01-01

Abstract

To better understand the molecular and cellular differences in brain organization between human and nonhuman primates, we performed transcriptome sequencing of 16 regions of adult human, chimpanzee, and macaque brains. Integration with human single-cell transcriptomic data revealed global, regional, and cell-type–specific species expression differences in genes representing distinct functional categories. We validated and further characterized the human specificity of genes enriched in distinct cell types through histological and functional analyses, including rare subpallial-derived interneurons expressing dopamine biosynthesis genes enriched in the human striatum and absent in the nonhuman African ape neocortex. Our integrated analysis of the generated data revealed diverse molecular and cellular features of the phylogenetic reorganization of the human brain across multiple levels, with relevance for brain function and disease.
2017
Sousa, André M. M.; Zhu, Ying; Raghanti, Mary Ann; Kitchen, Robert R.; Onorati, Marco; Tebbenkamp, Andrew T. N.; Stutz, Bernardo; Meyer, Kyle A.; Li, Mingfeng; Kawasawa, Yuka Imamura; Liu, Fuchen; Perez, Raquel Garcia; Mele, Marta; Carvalho, Tiago; Skarica, Mario; Gulden, Forrest O.; Pletikos, Mihovil; Shibata, Akemi; Stephenson, Alexa R.; Edler, Melissa K.; Ely, John J.; Elsworth, John D.; Horvath, Tamas L.; Hof, Patrick R.; Hyde, Thomas M.; Kleinman, Joel E.; Weinberger, Daniel R.; Reimers, Mark; Lifton, Richard P.; Mane, Shrikant M.; Noonan, James P.; State, Matthew W.; Lein, Ed S.; Knowles, James A.; Marques-Bonet, Tomas; Sherwood, Chet C.; Gerstein, Mark B.; Sestan, Nenad
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/882635
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