Objective: To determine the prevalence of three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in postmenopausal women with and without the metabolic syndrome (METS) and to explore levels of circulating biomarkers of inflammation, vascular and metabolic dysfunction according to SNP genotypes. Methods: DNA was extracted from the whole blood of 192 natural postmenopausal women (40 to 65 years) screened for the METS and tested for three gene SNPs related to obesity: the fat mass obesity (FTO: rs9939609) and the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR: C677T and A1298C). Blood levels of angiopoietin, IL-8, sFASL, IL-6, TNF-α, sCD40L, PAI-1, u-PA, leptin, adiponectin, resistin, ghrelin, visfatin, adipsin and insulin were measured in a subgroup, with and without the METS, using multiplex technology (n = 100) and compared according to SNP genotypes. Results: Genotype frequency of the three studied SNPs did not differ in relation to the presence of the METS. However, genotypes CT+TT (C677T) and AT (rs9939609) were more prevalent in women with high triglyceride levels. Pooled sub-analysis (n = 100) found that median sCD40L and visfatin levels were higher in women with genotypes AT+TT (rs9939609) as compared to AA (1178 vs. 937.0 pg/mL and 0.93 vs. 0.43 ng/mL, respectively, p < 0.05). Conclusion: Two SNP genotypes related to obesity were more prevalent in women with abnormal triglyceride levels and two vascular and inflammatory serum markers were higher in relation to the rs9939609 SNP.

Polymorphisms of the FTO and MTHFR genes and vascular, inflammatory and metabolic marker levels in postmenopausal women

MONTT GUEVARA, MARIA MAGDALENA;Genazzani, A. R.;Simoncini, T.
Ultimo
Writing – Review & Editing
2016

Abstract

Objective: To determine the prevalence of three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in postmenopausal women with and without the metabolic syndrome (METS) and to explore levels of circulating biomarkers of inflammation, vascular and metabolic dysfunction according to SNP genotypes. Methods: DNA was extracted from the whole blood of 192 natural postmenopausal women (40 to 65 years) screened for the METS and tested for three gene SNPs related to obesity: the fat mass obesity (FTO: rs9939609) and the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR: C677T and A1298C). Blood levels of angiopoietin, IL-8, sFASL, IL-6, TNF-α, sCD40L, PAI-1, u-PA, leptin, adiponectin, resistin, ghrelin, visfatin, adipsin and insulin were measured in a subgroup, with and without the METS, using multiplex technology (n = 100) and compared according to SNP genotypes. Results: Genotype frequency of the three studied SNPs did not differ in relation to the presence of the METS. However, genotypes CT+TT (C677T) and AT (rs9939609) were more prevalent in women with high triglyceride levels. Pooled sub-analysis (n = 100) found that median sCD40L and visfatin levels were higher in women with genotypes AT+TT (rs9939609) as compared to AA (1178 vs. 937.0 pg/mL and 0.93 vs. 0.43 ng/mL, respectively, p < 0.05). Conclusion: Two SNP genotypes related to obesity were more prevalent in women with abnormal triglyceride levels and two vascular and inflammatory serum markers were higher in relation to the rs9939609 SNP.
Chedraui, P.; Pérez-López, F. R.; Escobar, G. S.; Espinoza-Caicedo, J. A.; MONTT GUEVARA, MARIA MAGDALENA; Genazzani, A. R.; Simoncini, T.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/907320
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