We present general sufficient and necessary conditions for the partition regularity of Diophantine equations, which extend the classic Rado's Theorem by covering large classes of nonlinear equations. The goal is to contribute to an overall theory of Ramsey properties of (nonlinear) Diophantine equations that encompasses the known results in this area under a unified framework. Sufficient conditions are obtained by exploiting algebraic properties in the space of ultrafilters βN, grounding on combinatorial properties of positive density sets and IP sets. Necessary conditions are proved by a new technique in nonstandard analysis, based on the use of the relation of u-equivalence for the hypernatural numbers N⁎.

Ramsey properties of nonlinear Diophantine equations

Di Nasso, Mauro;Luperi Baglini, Lorenzo
2018-01-01

Abstract

We present general sufficient and necessary conditions for the partition regularity of Diophantine equations, which extend the classic Rado's Theorem by covering large classes of nonlinear equations. The goal is to contribute to an overall theory of Ramsey properties of (nonlinear) Diophantine equations that encompasses the known results in this area under a unified framework. Sufficient conditions are obtained by exploiting algebraic properties in the space of ultrafilters βN, grounding on combinatorial properties of positive density sets and IP sets. Necessary conditions are proved by a new technique in nonstandard analysis, based on the use of the relation of u-equivalence for the hypernatural numbers N⁎.
2018
Di Nasso, Mauro; Luperi Baglini, Lorenzo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/907698
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