In a series of papers on binary glass-forming mixtures of tripropyl phosphate (TPP) with polystyrene (PS), Kahlau et al. [J. Chem. Phys. 140, 044509 (2014)] and Bock et al. [J. Chem. Phys. 139, 064508 (2013); J. Chem. Phys. 140, 094505 (2014); and J. Non-Cryst. Solids 407, 88-97 (2015)] presented the data on the dynamics of the two components studied over the entire composition range by several experimental methods. From these sets of data, obtained by multiple experimental techniques on mixtures with a large difference ΔTg200 K between the glass transition temperatures of two starting glass formers, they obtained two α-relaxations, α1 and α2. The temperature dependence of the slower α1 is Vogel-Fulcher like, but the faster α2 is Arrhenius. We have re-examined their data and show that their α2-relaxation is the Johari-Goldstein (JG) β-relaxation with Arrhenius T-dependence admixed with a true α2-relaxation having a stronger temperature dependence. In support of our interpretation of their data, we made dielectric measurements at elevated pressures P to show that the ratio of the α1 and α2 relaxation times, τα1(T,P)/τα2(T,P), is invariant to variations of T and P, while τα1(T,P) is kept constant. This property proves unequivocally that the α2-relaxation is the JG β-relaxation, the precursor of the α1-relaxation. Subsequently, the true but unresolved α2-relaxation is recovered, and its relaxation times with much stronger temperature dependence are deduced, as expected for the α-relaxation of the TPP component. The results are fully compatible with those found in another binary mixture of methyltetrahydrofuran with tristyrene and PS with ΔTg283 K, even larger than ΔTg200 K of the mixture of TPP with PS, and in several polymer blends. The contrast between the two very different interpretations brought out in this paper is deemed beneficial for further progress in this research area.

Contrasting two different interpretations of the dynamics in binary glass forming mixtures

Capaccioli, S.
Secondo
;
2018

Abstract

In a series of papers on binary glass-forming mixtures of tripropyl phosphate (TPP) with polystyrene (PS), Kahlau et al. [J. Chem. Phys. 140, 044509 (2014)] and Bock et al. [J. Chem. Phys. 139, 064508 (2013); J. Chem. Phys. 140, 094505 (2014); and J. Non-Cryst. Solids 407, 88-97 (2015)] presented the data on the dynamics of the two components studied over the entire composition range by several experimental methods. From these sets of data, obtained by multiple experimental techniques on mixtures with a large difference ΔTg200 K between the glass transition temperatures of two starting glass formers, they obtained two α-relaxations, α1 and α2. The temperature dependence of the slower α1 is Vogel-Fulcher like, but the faster α2 is Arrhenius. We have re-examined their data and show that their α2-relaxation is the Johari-Goldstein (JG) β-relaxation with Arrhenius T-dependence admixed with a true α2-relaxation having a stronger temperature dependence. In support of our interpretation of their data, we made dielectric measurements at elevated pressures P to show that the ratio of the α1 and α2 relaxation times, τα1(T,P)/τα2(T,P), is invariant to variations of T and P, while τα1(T,P) is kept constant. This property proves unequivocally that the α2-relaxation is the JG β-relaxation, the precursor of the α1-relaxation. Subsequently, the true but unresolved α2-relaxation is recovered, and its relaxation times with much stronger temperature dependence are deduced, as expected for the α-relaxation of the TPP component. The results are fully compatible with those found in another binary mixture of methyltetrahydrofuran with tristyrene and PS with ΔTg283 K, even larger than ΔTg200 K of the mixture of TPP with PS, and in several polymer blends. The contrast between the two very different interpretations brought out in this paper is deemed beneficial for further progress in this research area.
Valenti, S.; Capaccioli, S.; Ngai, K. L.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/911611
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