In infected individuals, hepatitis C virus (HCV) exists as a variably complex population of related genetic variants known as quasispecies. The quasispecies of HCV were studied previously in 10 chronically infected patients by single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis of a segment of the envelope gene E2/ NS1 containing the hypervariable region 1 and it was found that certain variants (LC variants) were present both in the liver and in peripheral brood mononuclear cells (PBMC), others (L variants) were present in the liver but not in the PBMC, and still others (C variants) showed the opposite distribution. The sequence data obtained from nine such patients are reported, indicating that, within individual subjects, L and C variants are distinct phylogenetically. Results are described on the growth of HCV in stimulated healthy donor PBMC cultures supporting the concept that genetic divergence might stem, at least in part, from virus adaptation to growth in different cell types. This information may help to understand how HCV persists and produces disease in infected patients, especially with regard to extrahepatic pathology. J. Med. Virol. 57.57-63, 1999. (C) 1999 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Divergent evolution of hepatitis C virus in liver and peripheral blood mononuclear cells of infected patients

Fabrizio Maggi
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Massimo Giorgi;Santino Marchi
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Mauro Pistello
Writing – Review & Editing
1999

Abstract

In infected individuals, hepatitis C virus (HCV) exists as a variably complex population of related genetic variants known as quasispecies. The quasispecies of HCV were studied previously in 10 chronically infected patients by single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis of a segment of the envelope gene E2/ NS1 containing the hypervariable region 1 and it was found that certain variants (LC variants) were present both in the liver and in peripheral brood mononuclear cells (PBMC), others (L variants) were present in the liver but not in the PBMC, and still others (C variants) showed the opposite distribution. The sequence data obtained from nine such patients are reported, indicating that, within individual subjects, L and C variants are distinct phylogenetically. Results are described on the growth of HCV in stimulated healthy donor PBMC cultures supporting the concept that genetic divergence might stem, at least in part, from virus adaptation to growth in different cell types. This information may help to understand how HCV persists and produces disease in infected patients, especially with regard to extrahepatic pathology. J. Med. Virol. 57.57-63, 1999. (C) 1999 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Maggi, Fabrizio; Fornai, Claudia; Morrica, Antonietta; Linda Vatteroni, Maria; Giorgi, Massimo; Marchi, Santino; Ciccorossi, Pietro; Bendinelli, Mauro; Pistello, Mauro
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/913217
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