Net photosynthesis, dark respiration, chlorophyll and carbohydrate content, and leaf and shoot growth of deciduous peach [Prunus persica (L.) Batsch] saplings, grown in greenhouse conditions, were measured to assess changes in carbon balance during leaf development. The 6th, 12th, and 16th leaf node were measured from the first flush at the base through expansion to maturity (the first node being the oldest). Shoot and leaves expanded following a sigmoid pattern in all nodes. The shape of the logistic curve did not vary between the 6th and the 16th leaf node, while the 12th leaf node showed a steeper response, suggesting that the latter reached 50% expansion relatively earlier. Photosynthesis varied with leaf development as young leaves had low CO2 assimilation rates that were reflected in their chlorophyll concentration. Net daily CO2 assimilation was negative in young expanding leaves. The sink–source transition, defined to be the time when the increase in daily carbohydrate exchange rate exceeded the daily increase in leaf carbohydrate content, occurred before full leaf expansion. The transition from import to export was attained 11–12 days after budbreak (corresponding to 41% to 45% of full leaf expansion) for the 6th leaf, about 7–9 days after (38% to 52% of full expansion) for the 12th leaf and after 9–10 days (32% to 38% of full expansion) for the 16th leaf. Below 30% to 50% of full expansion leaves might not respond to assimilate requirements from sinks, being sinks themselves.
|Autori interni:||GUCCI, RICCARDO|
|Autori:||MARCHI S.; SEBASTIANI L.; GUCCI R; TOGNETTI R.|
|Titolo:||Sink-source transition in peach leaves during shoot development|
|Anno del prodotto:||2005|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|