An ultra-wideband linear polarization converter based on a reflecting metasurface is presented. The polarizer is composed by a periodic arrangement of miniaturized metallic elements printed on a grounded dielectric substrate. In order to achieve broadband polarization converting properties, the metasurface is optimized by employing a genetic algorithm (GA) which imposes the minimization of the amplitude of the co-polar reflection coefficient over a wide frequency band. The enhanced angular stability of the polarization converter is due to the miniaturized unit cell which is obtained by imposing the maximum periodicity of the metasurface in the GA optimization process. The pixelated polarization converter obtained by the GA exhibits a relative bandwidth of 102% working from 8.12 GHz to 25.16 GHz. The analysis of the surface current distribution of the metasurface led to a methodology for refining the optimized GA solution based on the sequential removal of pixels of the unit cell on which surface currents are not excited. The relative bandwidth of the refined polarizer is extended up to 117.8% with a unit cell periodicity of 0.46 mm, corresponding to λ/20 at the maximum operating frequency. The performance of the proposed ultra-wideband polarization metasurface has been confirmed through full-wave simulations and measurements.

Optimal Design of Miniaturized Reflecting Metasurfaces for Ultra-Wideband and Angularly Stable Polarization Conversion

Borgese, Michele
;
Costa, Filippo
;
Genovesi, Simone
;
Monorchio, Agostino
;
Manara, Giuliano
2018

Abstract

An ultra-wideband linear polarization converter based on a reflecting metasurface is presented. The polarizer is composed by a periodic arrangement of miniaturized metallic elements printed on a grounded dielectric substrate. In order to achieve broadband polarization converting properties, the metasurface is optimized by employing a genetic algorithm (GA) which imposes the minimization of the amplitude of the co-polar reflection coefficient over a wide frequency band. The enhanced angular stability of the polarization converter is due to the miniaturized unit cell which is obtained by imposing the maximum periodicity of the metasurface in the GA optimization process. The pixelated polarization converter obtained by the GA exhibits a relative bandwidth of 102% working from 8.12 GHz to 25.16 GHz. The analysis of the surface current distribution of the metasurface led to a methodology for refining the optimized GA solution based on the sequential removal of pixels of the unit cell on which surface currents are not excited. The relative bandwidth of the refined polarizer is extended up to 117.8% with a unit cell periodicity of 0.46 mm, corresponding to λ/20 at the maximum operating frequency. The performance of the proposed ultra-wideband polarization metasurface has been confirmed through full-wave simulations and measurements.
Borgese, Michele; Costa, Filippo; Genovesi, Simone; Monorchio, Agostino; Manara, Giuliano
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/924585
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