Climate targets set by international organizations require the implementation of innovative technologies that ensure the decarbonization of energy sector. It may be partially achieved through a large penetration of Renewable Energy Sources. Massive energy storage is essential to handle excess electricity associated to RES and Power-to-Gas represents a promising option to chemically convert electricity surplus into energy carriers that may attend demands substituting fossil fuels. Aiming to avoid the influence of policies and market implications, this study approaches the decarbonization of Spanish system through the analysis of technical potential of RES. Several scenarios with different shares of RES are defined to cover a number of levels of energy demand. First, required wind and photovoltaic power has been estimated together with the required sizes of PtG to completely decarbonize electrical generation and industrial CHP. These scenarios may be reached by installing RES capacities below the technical potential coupled with PtG capacities between 80 and 90 GW. The stored energy amounts to 17% of total primary energy consumption. Secondly, scenarios are modified to consider denuclearization of electrical system. Required installed RES power still does not surpass the technical potential but become extremely high and the economic feasibility should be further analysed.

Power-to-Gas: Analysis of potential decarbonization of Spanish electrical system in long-term prospective

Frate, Guido Francesco;Desideri, Umberto
2018

Abstract

Climate targets set by international organizations require the implementation of innovative technologies that ensure the decarbonization of energy sector. It may be partially achieved through a large penetration of Renewable Energy Sources. Massive energy storage is essential to handle excess electricity associated to RES and Power-to-Gas represents a promising option to chemically convert electricity surplus into energy carriers that may attend demands substituting fossil fuels. Aiming to avoid the influence of policies and market implications, this study approaches the decarbonization of Spanish system through the analysis of technical potential of RES. Several scenarios with different shares of RES are defined to cover a number of levels of energy demand. First, required wind and photovoltaic power has been estimated together with the required sizes of PtG to completely decarbonize electrical generation and industrial CHP. These scenarios may be reached by installing RES capacities below the technical potential coupled with PtG capacities between 80 and 90 GW. The stored energy amounts to 17% of total primary energy consumption. Secondly, scenarios are modified to consider denuclearization of electrical system. Required installed RES power still does not surpass the technical potential but become extremely high and the economic feasibility should be further analysed.
Lisbona, Pilar; Frate, Guido Francesco; Bailera, Manuel; Desideri, Umberto
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/937537
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 25
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 25
social impact