The beneficial effects of isothiocyanate-based compounds, as well as their safety, have been shown in neuropathological disorders, such as neuropathic pain. Aim of the present work was to study the efficacy of the glucosinolate glucoraphanin (GRA) and the derived isothiocyanate sulforaphane (SFN), secondary metabolites occurring exclusively in Brassicales, on chemotherapy-induced neuropathic pain. Mice were repeatedly treated with oxaliplatin (2.4 mg kg−1 ip) for 14 days to induce neuropathic pain. GRA and SFN effects were evaluated after a single administration on Day 15 or after a daily repeated oral and subcutaneous treatment starting from the first day of oxaliplatin injection until the 14th day. Single subcutaneous and oral administrations of GRA (4.43–119.79 μmol kg−1) or SFN (1.33–13.31 μmol kg−1) reduced neuropathic pain in a dose-dependent manner. The repeated administration of GRA and SFN (respectively 13.31 and 4.43 μmol kg−1) prevented the chemotherapy-induced neuropathy. The co-administration of GRA and SFN in mixture with the H2S binding molecule, haemoglobin, abolished their pain-relieving effect, which was also reverted by pretreating the animals with the selective blocker of Kv7 potassium channels, XE991. GRA and SFN reduce neuropathic pain by releasing H2S and modulating Kv7 channels and show a protective effect on the chemotherapy-induced neuropathy.

Effect of glucoraphanin and sulforaphane against chemotherapy-induced neuropathic pain: Kv7 potassium channels modulation by H2S release in vivo

Citi, Valentina;Martelli, Alma;Testai, Lara;Calderone, Vincenzo;Di Cesare Mannelli, Lorenzo
2018

Abstract

The beneficial effects of isothiocyanate-based compounds, as well as their safety, have been shown in neuropathological disorders, such as neuropathic pain. Aim of the present work was to study the efficacy of the glucosinolate glucoraphanin (GRA) and the derived isothiocyanate sulforaphane (SFN), secondary metabolites occurring exclusively in Brassicales, on chemotherapy-induced neuropathic pain. Mice were repeatedly treated with oxaliplatin (2.4 mg kg−1 ip) for 14 days to induce neuropathic pain. GRA and SFN effects were evaluated after a single administration on Day 15 or after a daily repeated oral and subcutaneous treatment starting from the first day of oxaliplatin injection until the 14th day. Single subcutaneous and oral administrations of GRA (4.43–119.79 μmol kg−1) or SFN (1.33–13.31 μmol kg−1) reduced neuropathic pain in a dose-dependent manner. The repeated administration of GRA and SFN (respectively 13.31 and 4.43 μmol kg−1) prevented the chemotherapy-induced neuropathy. The co-administration of GRA and SFN in mixture with the H2S binding molecule, haemoglobin, abolished their pain-relieving effect, which was also reverted by pretreating the animals with the selective blocker of Kv7 potassium channels, XE991. GRA and SFN reduce neuropathic pain by releasing H2S and modulating Kv7 channels and show a protective effect on the chemotherapy-induced neuropathy.
Lucarini, Elena; Micheli, Laura; Trallori, Elena; Citi, Valentina; Martelli, Alma; Testai, Lara; De Nicola, Gina Rosalinda; Iori, Renato; Calderone, Vincenzo; Ghelardini, Carla; Di Cesare Mannelli, Lorenzo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/937739
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