Composites based on poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) and natural fibres such as fibres of Posidonia oceanica (PO), wood saw dust (WSD) and bran were produced by extrusion in presence of appropriate amounts of plasticizer (Acetyl Tri-n- Butyl Citrate, ATBC) and filler (calcium carbonate). Thermal, rheological, mechanical and morphological characterizations of the developed composites were conducted in order to optimize formulations in terms of processability and mechanical performance. The biodegradability of the optimized composites was investigated under controlled composting conditions in accordance with standard methods (ASTM D5338-98, ISO 20200-2004) and in soil for the PHB/WSD composites, because their expected fate is to be treated in composting plants or used for applications in agriculture; in simulated and natural marine sediments in mesocosms and dune habitat for the PHB/PO composites, because their potential applications are in marine environment, such as natural engineering interventions (restoration of seagrass habitats). The optimized PHB/WSD compounds were used for the production of pots for terrestrial plants, PHB/PO compounds for pots and other items usable in the sea and sand dunes, such as transplanting tools and structures for restoration or protection of coastal habitats, and the PHB/bran fibres for the production of food contact containers. The results showed that the industrial processing by extrusion of the composites did not show any difficulty up to 20 wt. % fibres and the presence of the fibres (PO or WSD) facilitated the disintegration of the PHB matrix and, consequently, accelerated its biodegradation both in compost, soil, sea water and dune. The PHB/WSD composites resulted no-phytotoxic by using cress (Lepidium sativum L.) germination test, compostable in accordance with EN 13427:2000, biodegradable in soil at controlled degradation rate. The PHB/PO composites showed a good controlled biodegradation rate in marine sediments and were suitable to manufacture items usable, for example, in natural engineering interventions and represent an interesting valorisation of the PO fibrous wastes accumulated in large amounts on coastal beaches.

Biocomposites based on PHBs and natural fibers for commodity applications in different environments: processing, performance in soil, compost and sea water

Maurizia Seggiani
;
Patrizia Cinelli;Norma Mallegni;Elena Balestri;Claudia Vannini;Flavia Vallerini;Claudio Lardicci;Andrea Lazzeri
2018

Abstract

Composites based on poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) and natural fibres such as fibres of Posidonia oceanica (PO), wood saw dust (WSD) and bran were produced by extrusion in presence of appropriate amounts of plasticizer (Acetyl Tri-n- Butyl Citrate, ATBC) and filler (calcium carbonate). Thermal, rheological, mechanical and morphological characterizations of the developed composites were conducted in order to optimize formulations in terms of processability and mechanical performance. The biodegradability of the optimized composites was investigated under controlled composting conditions in accordance with standard methods (ASTM D5338-98, ISO 20200-2004) and in soil for the PHB/WSD composites, because their expected fate is to be treated in composting plants or used for applications in agriculture; in simulated and natural marine sediments in mesocosms and dune habitat for the PHB/PO composites, because their potential applications are in marine environment, such as natural engineering interventions (restoration of seagrass habitats). The optimized PHB/WSD compounds were used for the production of pots for terrestrial plants, PHB/PO compounds for pots and other items usable in the sea and sand dunes, such as transplanting tools and structures for restoration or protection of coastal habitats, and the PHB/bran fibres for the production of food contact containers. The results showed that the industrial processing by extrusion of the composites did not show any difficulty up to 20 wt. % fibres and the presence of the fibres (PO or WSD) facilitated the disintegration of the PHB matrix and, consequently, accelerated its biodegradation both in compost, soil, sea water and dune. The PHB/WSD composites resulted no-phytotoxic by using cress (Lepidium sativum L.) germination test, compostable in accordance with EN 13427:2000, biodegradable in soil at controlled degradation rate. The PHB/PO composites showed a good controlled biodegradation rate in marine sediments and were suitable to manufacture items usable, for example, in natural engineering interventions and represent an interesting valorisation of the PO fibrous wastes accumulated in large amounts on coastal beaches.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/941516
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