The dynamics of 2,2-dimethylbutan-1-ol (2,2-DM-1-B) and 3,3-dimethylbutan-1-ol (3,3-DM-1-B), two glass forming monohydroxy alcohols, was investigated by field cycling1H NMR relaxometry in their liquid phase, including the supercooled regime. Nuclear Magnetic Relaxation Dispersion (NMRD) curves (i.e. longitudinal relaxation rate R1vs1H Larmor frequency), acquired for the two alcohols at different temperatures in the 0.01-35 MHz frequency range, were analyzed in terms of suitable models for internal motions, overall molecular reorientations, and molecular self-diffusion, and the corresponding correlation times were quantitatively determined. In addition, trends of1H R1as a function of the frequency square root at low frequencies, where the contribution of translational motions dominates, were exploited to achieve an independent determination of the self-diffusion coefficients (D), which does not require the separation of different motional contributions to relaxation. Good agreement was found between D values determined by the two methods, thus corroborating the model used for the description of the NMRD curves. Self-diffusion was found to be slower and more strongly temperature dependent for 2,2-DM-1-B with respect to 3,3-DM-1-B, whereas molecular reorientations were quite similar for the two isomeric alcohols. Correlation times for molecular reorientations were found to be at least one order of magnitude shorter than those reported in the literature for the Debye-like relaxation observed by dielectric spectroscopy in the liquid phase.

Dynamics of two glass forming monohydroxy alcohols by field cycling 1H NMR relaxometry

Carignani, Elisa
Primo
;
Geppi, Marco;
2018

Abstract

The dynamics of 2,2-dimethylbutan-1-ol (2,2-DM-1-B) and 3,3-dimethylbutan-1-ol (3,3-DM-1-B), two glass forming monohydroxy alcohols, was investigated by field cycling1H NMR relaxometry in their liquid phase, including the supercooled regime. Nuclear Magnetic Relaxation Dispersion (NMRD) curves (i.e. longitudinal relaxation rate R1vs1H Larmor frequency), acquired for the two alcohols at different temperatures in the 0.01-35 MHz frequency range, were analyzed in terms of suitable models for internal motions, overall molecular reorientations, and molecular self-diffusion, and the corresponding correlation times were quantitatively determined. In addition, trends of1H R1as a function of the frequency square root at low frequencies, where the contribution of translational motions dominates, were exploited to achieve an independent determination of the self-diffusion coefficients (D), which does not require the separation of different motional contributions to relaxation. Good agreement was found between D values determined by the two methods, thus corroborating the model used for the description of the NMRD curves. Self-diffusion was found to be slower and more strongly temperature dependent for 2,2-DM-1-B with respect to 3,3-DM-1-B, whereas molecular reorientations were quite similar for the two isomeric alcohols. Correlation times for molecular reorientations were found to be at least one order of magnitude shorter than those reported in the literature for the Debye-like relaxation observed by dielectric spectroscopy in the liquid phase.
Carignani, Elisa; Forte, Claudia; Juszyńska-Gałązka, Ewa; Gałązka, Mirosław; Massalska-Arodź, Maria; Geppi, Marco; Calucci, Lucia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/941920
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