2,2-Dimethylbutan-1-ol (2,2-DM-1-B), 3,3-dimethylbutan-1-ol (3,3-DM-1-B), and 3,3-dimethylbutan-2-ol (3,3-DM-2-B) show a rich solid-state polymorphism, which includes one or more plastic crystalline phases (also referred to as orientationally disordered crystalline (ODIC) phases) and glass of the liquid or ODIC phases. In this work, the dynamics of the three isomeric alcohols was investigated in the liquid and plastic crystalline phases by fast field cycling 1H NMR relaxometry in the temperature range between 213 and 303 K. The analysis of the nuclear magnetic relaxation dispersion curves (i.e., longitudinal relaxation rate R1 vs 1H Larmor frequency) acquired for the different alcohols at different temperatures gave quantitative information on internal motions, overall molecular reorientations, and molecular self-diffusion. Self-diffusion coefficients were also determined in the liquid phase and in some ODIC phases of the samples from the trends of 1H R1 as a function of the frequency square root at low frequencies. Remarkable changes in the temperature trends of correlation times and self-diffusion coefficients were found at the transition between the liquid and the ODIC phase for 2,2-DM-1-B and 3,3-DM-1-B, and between ODIC phases for 3,3-DM-2-B, the latter sample showing a markedly different dynamic and phase behavior.

Dynamics of Dimethylbutanols in Plastic Crystalline Phases by Field Cycling 1H NMR Relaxometry

Carignani, Elisa
Primo
;
Mandoli, Alessandro;Geppi, Marco;
2018

Abstract

2,2-Dimethylbutan-1-ol (2,2-DM-1-B), 3,3-dimethylbutan-1-ol (3,3-DM-1-B), and 3,3-dimethylbutan-2-ol (3,3-DM-2-B) show a rich solid-state polymorphism, which includes one or more plastic crystalline phases (also referred to as orientationally disordered crystalline (ODIC) phases) and glass of the liquid or ODIC phases. In this work, the dynamics of the three isomeric alcohols was investigated in the liquid and plastic crystalline phases by fast field cycling 1H NMR relaxometry in the temperature range between 213 and 303 K. The analysis of the nuclear magnetic relaxation dispersion curves (i.e., longitudinal relaxation rate R1 vs 1H Larmor frequency) acquired for the different alcohols at different temperatures gave quantitative information on internal motions, overall molecular reorientations, and molecular self-diffusion. Self-diffusion coefficients were also determined in the liquid phase and in some ODIC phases of the samples from the trends of 1H R1 as a function of the frequency square root at low frequencies. Remarkable changes in the temperature trends of correlation times and self-diffusion coefficients were found at the transition between the liquid and the ODIC phase for 2,2-DM-1-B and 3,3-DM-1-B, and between ODIC phases for 3,3-DM-2-B, the latter sample showing a markedly different dynamic and phase behavior.
Carignani, Elisa; Forte, Claudia; Juszyńska-Gałazka, Ewa; Gałazka, Mirosław; Massalska-Arodź, Maria; Mandoli, Alessandro; Geppi, Marco; Calucci, Lucia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/941922
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