The coupling model was applied to describe the alpha-relaxation dynamics of each component in perfectly miscible mixtures A(1)-(x)B(x) of two different glass-formers A and B. An important element of the model is the change of the coupling parameter of each component with the composition, x, of the mixture. However, this change cannot be determined directly from the frequency dispersion of the alpha-relaxation of each component because of the broadening caused by concentration fluctuations in the mixture, except in the limits of low concentrations of either component, x -> 0 and x -> 1. Fortunately, the coupling model has another prediction. The coupling parameter of a component, say A, in the mixture determines tau(alpha)/tau(JG), the ratio of the alpha-relaxation time, tau(alpha), to the Johari-Goldstein (JG) secondary relaxation time, tau(JG), of the same component A. This prediction enables us to obtain the coupling parameter, (n) over cap (A), Of component A from the isothermal frequency spectrum of the mixture that shows both the alpha-relaxation and the JG beta-relaxation of component A. We put this extra prediction into practice by calculating (n) over cap (A) of 2-picoline in binary mixtures with either tri-styrene or o-terphenyl from recently published broadband dielectric relaxation data of the alpha-relaxation and the JG beta-relaxation of 2-picoline. The results Of (n) over cap (A) obtained from the experimental data show its change with composition, x, follows the same pattern as assumed in previous works that address only the alpha-relaxation dynamics of a component in binary mixtures based on the coupling model. There is an alternative view of the thrust of the present work. If the change of (n) over cap (A) with composition, x, in considering the alpha-relaxation of component A is justified by other means, the theoretical part of the present work gives a prediction of how the ratio tau(alpha)/tau(JG) of component A changes with composition, x. The data of tau(alpha), and tau(JG) of 2-picoline mixed with tri-styrene or o-terphenyl provide experimental support for the prediction.
|Autori:||Capaccioli S; Ngai KL|
|Titolo:||Relation between the alpha-relaxation and Johari-Goldstein beta-relaxation of a component in binary miscible mixtures of glass-formers|
|Anno del prodotto:||2005|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1021/jp044893j|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|