Turfgrasses are monocotyledonous plants from the family Poaceae. They are widely used in green spaces and are considered one of the most economically important horticultural crops in the world. Turfgrass quality is affected by several environmental factors including light, which is involved in the quality decline of transplanted sod. Ultraviolet-B (UV–B) is an important regulator of plant growth and development. Plants growing and/or stored in protected systems, such as in sod production, may be more vulnerable to UV-B damage than those growing in the field due to acclimation. Few studies on the effects of UV-B on turfgrass physiology have been published. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of UV-B irradiation on the photosynthetic performance of five cool-season turfgrasses, namely Agrostis stolonifera L., Festuca arundinacea Schreb., Poa supina Schrad., Poa pratensis L. and Lolium perenne L. Turfgrasses were exposed to 18.25 kJ m−2 d−1 biologically effective UV-B in growth chambers under controlled conditions. Measurements included photosynthetic pigments, chlorophyll fluorescence and gas exchanges monitored for 16 d-UV-B treatment and after recovery. Content of pigments decreased with UV-B exposure with significant differences among the species. UV-B also affected the photosystem II (PSII) efficiency depending on the exposure period and species. Similarly, gas exchange parameters showed different effects among species after UV-B exposure compromising the assimilation of CO2. Multivariate analysis highlighted three main clusters of species confirming their different UV-B tolerance and ability to restore PSII photochemistry after recovery, from which Festuca arundinacea resulted to be the most tolerant.

Photosynthetic performance of five cool-season turfgrasses under UV-B exposure

Thais Huarancca Reyes;Antonio Pompeiano;Marco Volterrani;Lorenzo Guglielminetti
;
2020-01-01

Abstract

Turfgrasses are monocotyledonous plants from the family Poaceae. They are widely used in green spaces and are considered one of the most economically important horticultural crops in the world. Turfgrass quality is affected by several environmental factors including light, which is involved in the quality decline of transplanted sod. Ultraviolet-B (UV–B) is an important regulator of plant growth and development. Plants growing and/or stored in protected systems, such as in sod production, may be more vulnerable to UV-B damage than those growing in the field due to acclimation. Few studies on the effects of UV-B on turfgrass physiology have been published. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of UV-B irradiation on the photosynthetic performance of five cool-season turfgrasses, namely Agrostis stolonifera L., Festuca arundinacea Schreb., Poa supina Schrad., Poa pratensis L. and Lolium perenne L. Turfgrasses were exposed to 18.25 kJ m−2 d−1 biologically effective UV-B in growth chambers under controlled conditions. Measurements included photosynthetic pigments, chlorophyll fluorescence and gas exchanges monitored for 16 d-UV-B treatment and after recovery. Content of pigments decreased with UV-B exposure with significant differences among the species. UV-B also affected the photosystem II (PSII) efficiency depending on the exposure period and species. Similarly, gas exchange parameters showed different effects among species after UV-B exposure compromising the assimilation of CO2. Multivariate analysis highlighted three main clusters of species confirming their different UV-B tolerance and ability to restore PSII photochemistry after recovery, from which Festuca arundinacea resulted to be the most tolerant.
2020
HUARANCCA REYES, Thais; Pompeiano, Antonio; Ranieri, Annamaria; Volterrani, Marco; Guglielminetti, Lorenzo; Scartazza, Andrea
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1070957
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