The evolutionary relationships among Oligohymenophorea subclasses are under debate as the phylogenomic analysis using a large dataset of nuclear coding genes is significantly different to the 18S rDNA phylogeny, and it is unfortunately not stable within and across different published studies. In addition to nuclear genes, the faster-evolving mitochondrial genes have also shown the ability to solve phylogenetic problems in many ciliated taxa. However, due to the paucity of mitochondrial data, the corresponding work is scarce, let alone the phylogenomic analysis based on mitochondrial gene dataset. In this work, we presented the characterization on Thuricola similis Bock, 1963, a loricate peritrich (Oligohymenophorea), incorporating mitogenome sequencing into integrative taxonomy. As the first mitogenome for the subclass Peritrichia, it is linear, 38,802 bp long, and contains two rRNAs, 12 tRNAs, and 43 open reading frames (ORFs). As a peculiarity, it includes a central repeated region composed of tandemly repeated A-T rich units working as a bi-transcriptional start. Moreover, taking this opportunity, the phylogenomic analyses based on a set of mitochondrial genes were also performed, revealing that T. similis, as a representative of Peritrichia subclass, branches basally to other three Oligohymenophorea subclasses, namely Hymenostomatia, Peniculia, and Scuticociliatia. Evolutionary relationships among those Oligohymenophorea subclasses were discussed, also in the light of recent phylogenomic reconstructions based on a set of nuclear genes. Besides, as a little-known species, T. similis was also redescribed and neotypified based on data from two populations collected from wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) in Brazil and Italy, by means of integrative methods (i.e., living observation, silver staining methods, scanning and transmission electron microscopy, and 18S rDNA phylogeny). After emended diagnosis, it is characterized by: (1) the sewage habitat; (2) the lorica with a single valve and small undulations; (3) the 7-22 m-long inner stalk; and (4) the presence of only a single postciliary microtubule on the left side of the aciliferous row in the haplokinety. Among Vaginicolidae family, our 18S rRNA gene-based phylogenetic analysis revealed that Thuricola and Cothurnia are monophyletic genera, and Vaginicola could be a polyphyletic genus.

Incorporating mitogenome sequencing into integrative taxonomy: the multidisciplinary redescription of the ciliate Thuricola similis (Peritrichia, Vaginicolidae) provides new insights into the evolutionary relationships among Oligohymenophorea subclasses

Gammuto, Leandro
Investigation
;
Modeo, Letizia
Penultimo
Supervision
;
Petroni, Giulio
Ultimo
Supervision
2021-01-01

Abstract

The evolutionary relationships among Oligohymenophorea subclasses are under debate as the phylogenomic analysis using a large dataset of nuclear coding genes is significantly different to the 18S rDNA phylogeny, and it is unfortunately not stable within and across different published studies. In addition to nuclear genes, the faster-evolving mitochondrial genes have also shown the ability to solve phylogenetic problems in many ciliated taxa. However, due to the paucity of mitochondrial data, the corresponding work is scarce, let alone the phylogenomic analysis based on mitochondrial gene dataset. In this work, we presented the characterization on Thuricola similis Bock, 1963, a loricate peritrich (Oligohymenophorea), incorporating mitogenome sequencing into integrative taxonomy. As the first mitogenome for the subclass Peritrichia, it is linear, 38,802 bp long, and contains two rRNAs, 12 tRNAs, and 43 open reading frames (ORFs). As a peculiarity, it includes a central repeated region composed of tandemly repeated A-T rich units working as a bi-transcriptional start. Moreover, taking this opportunity, the phylogenomic analyses based on a set of mitochondrial genes were also performed, revealing that T. similis, as a representative of Peritrichia subclass, branches basally to other three Oligohymenophorea subclasses, namely Hymenostomatia, Peniculia, and Scuticociliatia. Evolutionary relationships among those Oligohymenophorea subclasses were discussed, also in the light of recent phylogenomic reconstructions based on a set of nuclear genes. Besides, as a little-known species, T. similis was also redescribed and neotypified based on data from two populations collected from wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) in Brazil and Italy, by means of integrative methods (i.e., living observation, silver staining methods, scanning and transmission electron microscopy, and 18S rDNA phylogeny). After emended diagnosis, it is characterized by: (1) the sewage habitat; (2) the lorica with a single valve and small undulations; (3) the 7-22 m-long inner stalk; and (4) the presence of only a single postciliary microtubule on the left side of the aciliferous row in the haplokinety. Among Vaginicolidae family, our 18S rRNA gene-based phylogenetic analysis revealed that Thuricola and Cothurnia are monophyletic genera, and Vaginicola could be a polyphyletic genus.
2021
Liao, Wanying; Henrique Campello-Nunes, Pedro; Gammuto, Leandro; Abreu Viana, Tiago; de Oliveira Marchesini, Roberto; da Silva Paiva, Thiago; Domingos...espandi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1082276
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