In this study, non-chlorinated solvents such as cyclohexanone (CYC) and three ionic liq-uids, (ILs) (1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium dimethylphosphate, [EMIM][DMP], 1-ethyl-3-methylim-idazolium diethylphosphate, [EMIM][DEP] and 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium methylphosphite, [EMIM][MP]) were tested to extract polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) from the purple non-sulfur photosynthetic bacterium (PNSB) Rhodovulum sulfidophilum DSM-1374. The photosynthetic bacterium was cultured in a new generation photobioreactor with 4 L of working volume using a lactate-rich medium. The extracted PHAs were characterized using a thermogravimetric analysis, differential scanning calorimetry, infrared spectroscopy, proton nuclear magnetic resonance and gel perme-ation chromatography. The most promising results were obtained with CYC at 125 °C with an extraction time of above 10 min, obtaining extraction yields higher than 95% and a highly pure poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHB-HV) with around 2.7 mol% of hydroxylvalerate (HV). A similar yield and purity were obtained with chloroform (CHL) at 10 °C for 24 h, which was used as the referent solvent Although the three investigated ILs at 60 °C for 4 and 24 h with bio-mass/IL up to 1/30 (w/w) obtained PHAs strongly contaminated by cellular membrane residues, they were not completely solubilized by the investigated ILs.

Extraction of polyhydroxyalkanoates from purple non-sulfur bacteria by non-chlorinated solvents

Filippi S.;Cinelli P.;Mezzetta A.;Seggiani M.
2021-01-01

Abstract

In this study, non-chlorinated solvents such as cyclohexanone (CYC) and three ionic liq-uids, (ILs) (1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium dimethylphosphate, [EMIM][DMP], 1-ethyl-3-methylim-idazolium diethylphosphate, [EMIM][DEP] and 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium methylphosphite, [EMIM][MP]) were tested to extract polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) from the purple non-sulfur photosynthetic bacterium (PNSB) Rhodovulum sulfidophilum DSM-1374. The photosynthetic bacterium was cultured in a new generation photobioreactor with 4 L of working volume using a lactate-rich medium. The extracted PHAs were characterized using a thermogravimetric analysis, differential scanning calorimetry, infrared spectroscopy, proton nuclear magnetic resonance and gel perme-ation chromatography. The most promising results were obtained with CYC at 125 °C with an extraction time of above 10 min, obtaining extraction yields higher than 95% and a highly pure poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHB-HV) with around 2.7 mol% of hydroxylvalerate (HV). A similar yield and purity were obtained with chloroform (CHL) at 10 °C for 24 h, which was used as the referent solvent Although the three investigated ILs at 60 °C for 4 and 24 h with bio-mass/IL up to 1/30 (w/w) obtained PHAs strongly contaminated by cellular membrane residues, they were not completely solubilized by the investigated ILs.
Filippi, S.; Cinelli, P.; Mezzetta, A.; Carlozzi, P.; Seggiani, M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1115544
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