Background: Several ABO blood groups have been associated with the likelihood of infection, severity, and/or outcome of COVID-19 in hospitalized cohorts, raising the hypothesis that anti-A isoagglutinins in non-A-group recipients could act as neutralizing antibodies against SARS-CoV-2. Materials and methods: We run live virus neutralization tests using sera from 58 SARS-CoV-2 seronegative blood donors (27 O-group and 31 A-group) negatives for SARS-CoV-2 IgG to investigate what degree of neutralizing activity could be detected in their sera and eventual correlation with anti-A isoagglutinin titers. Results: We could not find clinically relevant neutralizing activity in any blood group, regardless of anti-isoagglutinin titer, Discussion: Our findings suggest that mechanisms other than neutralization explain the differences in outcomes from COVID19 seen in different ABO blood groups.

Lack of neutralizing activity in nonconvalescent sera, regardless of ABO blood group and anti-A isoagglutinin titer

Focosi D.;Spezia P. G.;Macera L.;Biagini D.;Pistello M.;
2021

Abstract

Background: Several ABO blood groups have been associated with the likelihood of infection, severity, and/or outcome of COVID-19 in hospitalized cohorts, raising the hypothesis that anti-A isoagglutinins in non-A-group recipients could act as neutralizing antibodies against SARS-CoV-2. Materials and methods: We run live virus neutralization tests using sera from 58 SARS-CoV-2 seronegative blood donors (27 O-group and 31 A-group) negatives for SARS-CoV-2 IgG to investigate what degree of neutralizing activity could be detected in their sera and eventual correlation with anti-A isoagglutinin titers. Results: We could not find clinically relevant neutralizing activity in any blood group, regardless of anti-isoagglutinin titer, Discussion: Our findings suggest that mechanisms other than neutralization explain the differences in outcomes from COVID19 seen in different ABO blood groups.
Focosi, D.; Rosellini, A.; Spezia, P. G.; Macera, L.; Lanza, M.; Paolicchi, A.; Biagini, D.; Baj, A.; Pistello, M.; Maggi, F.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/1141121
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