Kisspeptins (KPs) are the most potent stimulating neurotransmitters of GnRH release, and consequently KP administration triggers LH and/or FSH release. In small ruminants, KP or its analogs induced an LH surge followed by ovulation in both cyclic and acyclic animals, while in the mare KP only increased LH plasma levels but failed to induce ovulation. This study in jennies compares the endocrinological effects, ovulatory and pregnancy rates of the KP analog C6 and the GnRH analog buserelin acetate. The ovarian activity of nine Amiata jennies was monitored daily by transrectal ultrasound for three complete estrous cycles. Jennies in estrus were assigned, to one of three treatment groups: 50 nmol of the KP analog C6 (injected twice, 24 h apart, C6 group); 0.4 mg buserelin acetate (injected once, Bu group); and 2 mL of saline (injected once, CTRL group). Blood samples were collected at Day-1 (−24h) Day0 (h0, before treatment), h2, h4, h6, h8, h10, h24 (before second treatment with C6), h26, h28, h30, h32, h34, h48 and every 24 h until ovulation. Jennies were inseminated once at h24 with fresh extended semen from a donkey stallion. Pregnancy diagnoses were performed 14 days after ovulation. On days 5, 10, and 14 after ovulation, for every CL the cross-sectional area (CSA) and the vascularized area (VA) were recorded by color doppler ultrasound and measured. Significantly higher plasma LH levels were found after induction between the Bu and CTRL groups at h6 and h8 (P < 0.05), while tendentially higher differences were found between the Bu/C6 groups and CTRL at h10. Five/9, 4/9, and 2/9 jennies ovulated between 24 and 48 h after induction from the Bu, C6, and CTRL groups respectively, (P > 0.05). Correlations between corpora lutea CSA and VA with serum progesterone concentration were r = 0.31, P = 0.01, r = 0.38, P = 0.01, respectively. Pregnancy rates after artificial insemination did not differ among groups (CTRL: 6/9, 66.7%; C6: 7/9, 77.8%; Bu: 6/9, 66.7%; P > 0.05). Ovulation rates after C6 treatment were comparable to that of Bu, although not different from the CTRL. Pregnancy rates were comparable to the literature in terms of fresh extended donkey semen in every group. This study suggests that stimulation of the Kp system in jennies, in contrast to findings observed in mares, induces ovulation. Further studies using higher doses and/or more animals are needed to better characterize the efficacy of C6 in jennies.

The Kisspeptin analogue C6 induces ovulation in jennies

Diana Fanelli
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Giuseppe Conte
Data Curation
;
Alessandra Rota
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Francesco Camillo
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Duccio Panzani
Supervision
2022

Abstract

Kisspeptins (KPs) are the most potent stimulating neurotransmitters of GnRH release, and consequently KP administration triggers LH and/or FSH release. In small ruminants, KP or its analogs induced an LH surge followed by ovulation in both cyclic and acyclic animals, while in the mare KP only increased LH plasma levels but failed to induce ovulation. This study in jennies compares the endocrinological effects, ovulatory and pregnancy rates of the KP analog C6 and the GnRH analog buserelin acetate. The ovarian activity of nine Amiata jennies was monitored daily by transrectal ultrasound for three complete estrous cycles. Jennies in estrus were assigned, to one of three treatment groups: 50 nmol of the KP analog C6 (injected twice, 24 h apart, C6 group); 0.4 mg buserelin acetate (injected once, Bu group); and 2 mL of saline (injected once, CTRL group). Blood samples were collected at Day-1 (−24h) Day0 (h0, before treatment), h2, h4, h6, h8, h10, h24 (before second treatment with C6), h26, h28, h30, h32, h34, h48 and every 24 h until ovulation. Jennies were inseminated once at h24 with fresh extended semen from a donkey stallion. Pregnancy diagnoses were performed 14 days after ovulation. On days 5, 10, and 14 after ovulation, for every CL the cross-sectional area (CSA) and the vascularized area (VA) were recorded by color doppler ultrasound and measured. Significantly higher plasma LH levels were found after induction between the Bu and CTRL groups at h6 and h8 (P < 0.05), while tendentially higher differences were found between the Bu/C6 groups and CTRL at h10. Five/9, 4/9, and 2/9 jennies ovulated between 24 and 48 h after induction from the Bu, C6, and CTRL groups respectively, (P > 0.05). Correlations between corpora lutea CSA and VA with serum progesterone concentration were r = 0.31, P = 0.01, r = 0.38, P = 0.01, respectively. Pregnancy rates after artificial insemination did not differ among groups (CTRL: 6/9, 66.7%; C6: 7/9, 77.8%; Bu: 6/9, 66.7%; P > 0.05). Ovulation rates after C6 treatment were comparable to that of Bu, although not different from the CTRL. Pregnancy rates were comparable to the literature in terms of fresh extended donkey semen in every group. This study suggests that stimulation of the Kp system in jennies, in contrast to findings observed in mares, induces ovulation. Further studies using higher doses and/or more animals are needed to better characterize the efficacy of C6 in jennies.
Fanelli, Diana; Beltramo, Massimiliano; Conte, Giuseppe; Cerretini, Benedetta; Lomet, Didier; Rota, Alessandra; Aucagne, Vincent; Camillo, Francesco; Panzani, Duccio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/1146820
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