Deep eutectic solvents (DESs) are a class of versatile and green emerging materials. Despite the huge amounts of applications proposed in the last years, studies on their thermal stability are often missing. In this short review, we propose a guide for a correct evaluation of DES thermal stability, conducted mainly by dynamical thermogravimetry (TGA). We collected all the data reported in the literature on choline chloride (ChCl)-based DESs, as proof of concept to show the potentialities of the technique, highlighting all the parameters that need to be considered for a correct analysis, with particular attention to the possible sources of misleading interpretations (e.g. the adsorbed water, or the formation of undesired products during DES preparation). In many cases, the additional use of isothermal TGA, or TGA coupled with online techniques such as Fourier Infra-Red Spectroscopy or Mass Spectrometry, may help for the data interpretation. Besides, we summarize in a graph the degradation temperatures of many DESs and their precursors, intended as an operative guide to choosing the correct DES for different applications. The findings reported to date, highlight the potentialities of thermal analysis on DESs, as a powerful tool to obtain essential information on their applicability, and to implement the knowledge of their nanostructure from a molecular point of view.

Guidelines for a correct evaluation of deep eutectic solvents thermal stability

Pelosi, Chiara
;
Pulidori, Elena;Duce, Celia;Tiné, Maria Rosaria;Ciancaleoni, Gianluca;Bernazzani, Luca
2022-01-01

Abstract

Deep eutectic solvents (DESs) are a class of versatile and green emerging materials. Despite the huge amounts of applications proposed in the last years, studies on their thermal stability are often missing. In this short review, we propose a guide for a correct evaluation of DES thermal stability, conducted mainly by dynamical thermogravimetry (TGA). We collected all the data reported in the literature on choline chloride (ChCl)-based DESs, as proof of concept to show the potentialities of the technique, highlighting all the parameters that need to be considered for a correct analysis, with particular attention to the possible sources of misleading interpretations (e.g. the adsorbed water, or the formation of undesired products during DES preparation). In many cases, the additional use of isothermal TGA, or TGA coupled with online techniques such as Fourier Infra-Red Spectroscopy or Mass Spectrometry, may help for the data interpretation. Besides, we summarize in a graph the degradation temperatures of many DESs and their precursors, intended as an operative guide to choosing the correct DES for different applications. The findings reported to date, highlight the potentialities of thermal analysis on DESs, as a powerful tool to obtain essential information on their applicability, and to implement the knowledge of their nanostructure from a molecular point of view.
2022
Rivera, Jose Gonzalez; Pelosi, Chiara; Pulidori, Elena; Duce, Celia; Tiné, Maria Rosaria; Ciancaleoni, Gianluca; Bernazzani, Luca
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1150179
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