Background Recent data suggest that BRAFV600E-mutated metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients with right-sided tumours and ECOG-PS = 0 may achieve benefit from the triplet regimen differently than those with left-sided tumours and ECOG-PS > 0. Methods The predictive impact of primary sidedness and ECOG-PS was evaluated in a large real-life dataset of 296 BRAFV600E-mutated mCRC patients treated with upfront triplet or doublet +/- bevacizumab. Biological differences between right- and left-sided BRAFV600E-mutated CRCs were further investigated in an independent cohort of 1162 samples. Results A significant interaction effect between primary sidedness and treatment intensity was reported in terms of both PFS (p = 0.010) and OS (p = 0.003), with a beneficial effect of the triplet in the right-sided group and a possible detrimental effect in the left-sided. No interaction effect was observed between ECOG-PS and chemo-backbone. In the MSS/pMMR population, a consistent trend for a side-related subgroup effect was observed when FOLFOXIRI +/- bevacizumab was compared to oxaliplatin-based doublets +/- bevacizumab (p = 0.097 and 0.16 for PFS and OS, respectively). Among MSS/pMMR tumours, the BM1 subtype was more prevalent in the right-sided group (p = 0.0019, q = 0.0139). No significant differences were observed according to sidedness in the MSI-H/dMMR population. Conclusions Real-life data support the use of FOLFOXIRI +/- bevacizumab only in BRAFV600E-mutated mCRC patients with right-sided tumours.

Benefit from upfront FOLFOXIRI and bevacizumab in BRAFV600E-mutated metastatic colorectal cancer patients: does primary tumour location matter?

Conca, Veronica;Antoniotti, Carlotta;Carullo, Martina;Masi, Gianluca;Cremolini, Chiara
2022-01-01

Abstract

Background Recent data suggest that BRAFV600E-mutated metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients with right-sided tumours and ECOG-PS = 0 may achieve benefit from the triplet regimen differently than those with left-sided tumours and ECOG-PS > 0. Methods The predictive impact of primary sidedness and ECOG-PS was evaluated in a large real-life dataset of 296 BRAFV600E-mutated mCRC patients treated with upfront triplet or doublet +/- bevacizumab. Biological differences between right- and left-sided BRAFV600E-mutated CRCs were further investigated in an independent cohort of 1162 samples. Results A significant interaction effect between primary sidedness and treatment intensity was reported in terms of both PFS (p = 0.010) and OS (p = 0.003), with a beneficial effect of the triplet in the right-sided group and a possible detrimental effect in the left-sided. No interaction effect was observed between ECOG-PS and chemo-backbone. In the MSS/pMMR population, a consistent trend for a side-related subgroup effect was observed when FOLFOXIRI +/- bevacizumab was compared to oxaliplatin-based doublets +/- bevacizumab (p = 0.097 and 0.16 for PFS and OS, respectively). Among MSS/pMMR tumours, the BM1 subtype was more prevalent in the right-sided group (p = 0.0019, q = 0.0139). No significant differences were observed according to sidedness in the MSI-H/dMMR population. Conclusions Real-life data support the use of FOLFOXIRI +/- bevacizumab only in BRAFV600E-mutated mCRC patients with right-sided tumours.
2022
Moretto, Roberto; Elliott, Andrew; Rossini, Daniele; Intini, Rossana; Conca, Veronica; Pietrantonio, Filippo; Sartore-Bianchi, Andrea; Antoniotti, Carlotta; Rasola, Cosimo; Scartozzi, Mario; Salati, Massimiliano; Pella, Nicoletta; Calegari, Maria Alessandra; Carullo, Martina; Corti, Francesca; Mauri, Gianluca; Fassan, Matteo; Masi, Gianluca; Brodskiy, Pavel; Lenz, Heinz-Josef; Shields, Anthony; Lonardi, Sara; Korn, Michael; Cremolini, Chiara
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1160230
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